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63 votes
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Is rye bread Turkish?

Q Is rye bread Turkish? Are Swedes Africans? If you find the 'African Swedes' question senseless, then you see the level of absurdity the ad is playing on. If you answer 'Swedes are Africans' in the ...
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41 votes

Is rye bread Turkish?

Well rye itself (the grain) appears to have first been domesticated in Anatolia, around 6,500 BC. So of course Neolithic people there (modern Turkey) would have been the first to make rye bread.* As ...
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37 votes
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Why did the Turks adopt the Latin alphabet after WWI?

Two reasons: to increase literacy by simplifying the language, and to cut ties with the past (ie. the Ottomans) and forge a new secular Turkish identity. The Ottoman Turkish alphabet, a variant of ...
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36 votes
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Why is the capital of Turkey Ankara rather than Istanbul?

During the early stages of the Turkish War of Independence, Kemal commanded two army corps: One in Ankara and one in Erzurum. At first Erzurum was Kemal's base of operations, but on 27 December, 1919 ...
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36 votes

Why didn't Germany attack Turkey during WW2?

Turkey, like Spain and Sweden, was a country that "served the purpose" for Germany during World War II without being attacked. Specifically, Turkey was a major supplier of chrome, a key war material, ...
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26 votes
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Did the Seljuk consider themselves Roman?

I think the other answer misses some crucial distinctions. Culture The culture of the Seljuks was non-Greco-Roman; the same applies to their language. A good summary of who they were comes from ...
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  • 10.5k
26 votes

Did the Axis try to "bribe" Turkey into joining them during World War II?

Short Answer German policy was geared towards keeping Turkey neutral (preferably 'friendly neutral'); the Turkish leaders' determination to remain neutral was evident to the Nazi ambassador to Turkey ...
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21 votes

Why didn't Germany attack Turkey during WW2?

I've had similar questions over the years, and did some research on this. Let me admit, though, my interest comes from a different angle. I was originally thinking why didn't the USSR invade Turkey ...
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17 votes
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What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

After the war between Greece and Turkey in the aftermath of WW I the two countries agreed on an exchange of minorities. But the question of who was “Greek” and who was “Turkish” was decided entirely ...
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17 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

This or other similar questions are very much debated, and does not have a simple answer. One shall start by asking who is a Greek, and who is a Turk. Throughout the history, in the geography where ...
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  • 707
16 votes

Is there a relationship between Gobekli Tepe and Stonehenge?

As others have pointed out in various comments, a connection between the two sites is extremely unlikely. In particular, Stonehenge became a cultural center only around 3100 BCE, 5000 years after ...
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  • 2,498
15 votes

How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

Turkey and Azerbaijan are historically the same nation. The slogan is "one nation two states". So Sunni/Shia difference is not very important. Both countries also have important economic ...
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13 votes

Was it not clear to the WWI allies that they were over-reaching with the treaty of Sevres?

You are correct, the Turkish National Movement heavily resisted treaty of Sevres which culminated in the Turkish War of independence...the treaty didn't last long. Isn't it obvious that that treaty ...
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13 votes

How did Azerbaijan come to be allied with Turkey and Israel?

Your reading of how alliances work is a bit too on the nose. Religious and political links are a major factor. But they definitely aren't the only one. The word 'technically' is misapplied here. ...
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11 votes

Did gun control in Turkey in 1911 lead to the Armenian Genocide?

As a matter of fact, I found the source, although curiously it does not say exactly what people quoting it seems to imply: Some slightly better informed claims directed to article 166 of Turkish ...
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10 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

There's no scientific definition of "race", so that part of the question is unanswerable. Linguists do try to classify languages though, since that can be done (mostly) objectively, based on ...
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10 votes
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Is Makarios III's harsh quote on Turkish Cypriots accurate?

The exact quote or close variants of it never show up with a proper source attribution. That is usually a sign that those typing these words cannot name one. And I tend to dismiss all of these cases ...
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10 votes
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What were the racial views of the Nazis towards the Greeks?

Hitler and the Nazis admired ancient Greeks, who they considered "Nordic" conquerors (thus justifying Nazi Germany co-opting classicism). Their modern descendants, however, not so much. Nazi ...
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9 votes

Why were Muslims in Western Thrace and Christians in Constantinople excluded from the population exchange?

Not a full answer, but I expect it to be useful until a better one shows up. Most of Greeks expelled from Turkey weren't expelled after the exchange was accorded but they were already in Greece (...
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8 votes

Why didn't Germany attack Turkey during WW2?

Reaching the Middle eastern Oilfields which are on the Persian Gulf is a lot harder than it looks, and getting the Oil back even harder. The railways don't go all the way and the Turkish railways were ...
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8 votes
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Why did not UK assist Greece in 1919 war?

Is the question: "Why did the Great Britain not assist Greek expansionism in the Aegean (specifically Asia Minor/Anatolia) at the expense of the Turks?" Well Jon Custer's comment that war-weariness ...
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  • 3,165
8 votes

Why was there such tension between the Ottoman Empire and Russia during the Armenian genocide?

When you do research on the subject, even on a very basic level, you should know that at the time of Armenian genocide, the Ottoman Empire was in the state of WAR with Russian empire. This war is ...
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8 votes
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Why was religion used as the basis of Turkey-Greece population exchange instead of language, ethnicity, etc.?

Ataturk was not the architect of this exchange. The idea of protecting minorities in former Ottoman Empire came from the western Allies - according to the wiki article on the Lausanne Conference, ...
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8 votes
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What are the current obligations of Treaty of Lausanne?

Of course, many stipulations of the treaty are still in effect. The borders it delimited remains the international border of today. The Republic of Turkey continues to be recognised internationally. ...
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7 votes

How did Turkey achieve such a quick military rebound after World War I?

As @Tom Au mentions, the newly found Republic of Turkey was led by Mustafa Kemal, later named Ataturk, or the Father of the Turks. Why was he named like this? Well, i'm glad you asked: He was a ...
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7 votes

What happened to those ethnic Greeks who converted to Islam during the Ottoman empire?

They melted in with the local population. In Turkey there's no such notion of pure race. I'm from a village located within the Black Sea region of Turkey. We have bazaar which are in ruins today left ...
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7 votes

Why didn't Germany attack Turkey during WW2?

Hitler wasn't interested in Turkey in itself, but let's analyse this option as a means to an end. Hitler went to war as he wanted "Lebensraum" for his people, literally, "living room" and for that he ...
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7 votes

Why are Turkish people and other Turkik people considered of Mongolic race if their language is not in the Mongolic language family?

First, Turkish people are not in general considered of Mongoloid race, neither are Turkic-speaking Azeris. These two peoples are usually classified to belong to Europoid race with maybe only admixture ...
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7 votes
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Why did the USA revoke the arms embargo or sanction on Turkey only after 3 years of the invasion of Cyprus?

Turkey was and to a certain degree still is of pivotal strategic importance for US interests in the region. As a member of NATO,Turkey, among other considerations: controls access between the Black ...
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6 votes
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Does Little Hagia sophia still contain Greek mosaics under the plaster?

Originally the mosaics probably survived, Fergusson writing: The frescoes and mosaics have, indeed disappeared from the body of the church, hidden, it is to be hoped, under the mass of whitewash ...
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