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37 votes
Accepted

What determined which companies went to which post-Soviet republics after the fall of the Soviet Union as everything was centralized in Moscow?

Corporations and plants were divided between republics according to their geographical location. Under Soviet Union they were in some sense "controlled by Moscow government" but not directly....
Alex's user avatar
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22 votes
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Did the Romans Hold Territory in Ukraine?

The two areas appear to be Olbia and Tyras. They both formed a part of the Roman province of Lower Moesia (or "Moesia Inferior"). It is, perhaps, a little easier to see the detail on this earlier map ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
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19 votes

How popular was the Soviet Union?

This is another answer of mine based on the statistics released by the Levada Center, a leading Russian social study organization. They conducted polls on the popularity of Lenin and the USSR since ...
Anixx's user avatar
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18 votes

How popular was the Soviet Union?

What you learnt in school seems to be incorrect when compared with my knowledge of the matter (as a Russian) As far as I know, the Soviet rule was overwhelmingly popular in the USSR, except possibly ...
Anixx's user avatar
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17 votes
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Why didn't a noble family change their last name from a kind of duck to something more prestigious?

Actually, the answer is a bit confusing. The name was apparently originally a 'normal' one before one of Nikolai's ancestors added the 'Gogol' bit. A Reference Guide to Russian Literature tells us: ...
CDR's user avatar
  • 997
13 votes

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

Cossack was not just a regiment one can get drafted into, it was something hereditary and traditional. The cossacks lived in specific areas (Don, Kuban river basins, Siberia, etc), had their own ...
Andrey Ch's user avatar
  • 131
12 votes

What was the purpose of the 1991 referendum on the future of the Soviet Union?

(This answer was originally here: https://history.stackexchange.com/a/32715/1569) In brief The referendum was not about "continued governance by the communist party" because by the time the ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
12 votes
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Where can I find documents from the Nuremberg trials about war crimes of the Wehrmacht in the Soviet Union?

The Nuremberg Trials Project has so far only provided access to 5 out of the 12 Nuremberg Military Tribunals. From the Introduction page on their website: The Nuremberg Trials Project currently ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
12 votes

Would Jewish Ukranians historically have worn vyshyvankas and integrated Slavic embroidary into their lives?

Not at all. The picture below is pretty much what they would wear in 1800s. And prior to 1800s there wasn't much cultural mixing either. Historically, Jews in Ukraine and Russia lived in their own ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 4,670
11 votes

How popular was the Soviet Union?

I want add this, third answer to clarify some issues with terminology and how the things were run in the USSR. First of all I want to point out that I have learned from the Internet that in the USA ...
Anixx's user avatar
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10 votes
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What was the extent of Kohl's government opposition to the independence of Ukraine?

Judging from the text of the article you linked - Kohl was expecting the dissolution of USSR to result in a surge in toxic nationalism not unlike the aftermath of WW1. As we can see from history, the ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
9 votes

When did the word "Holodomor" appear?

When did the word Holodomor appear? Wikipedia explains the etymology of holodomor as follows: The word Holodomor literally translated from Ukrainian means "death by hunger", or "to kill by hunger, ...
Ken Graham's user avatar
  • 1,900
9 votes

Why was the capital of Ukraine moved in 1934?

Prior to the formation of the Soviet Union, Bolsheviks had established Kharkiv as the capital of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic in opposition to the Ukrainian People's Republic which had its ...
sempaiscuba's user avatar
  • 77.4k
9 votes

Were the "Petlurovites" who took Kiev in 1918 commanded by a communist?

Russian Civil War, especially in its early stages, was a time of constantly shifting loyalties and short-lived alliances dictated by short-term considerations. Thus, to correctly evaluate events, one ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
8 votes

How popular was the Soviet Union?

I'd like to address the issue of the 1991 referendum. Your (otherwise excellent) question misinterprets it completely. In brief The referendum was not about "continued governance by the communist ...
Felix Goldberg's user avatar
8 votes

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

They are wearing the double breasted 1907 tunic which was issued to the regular army except the guards which had a more elaborate version. He wears the Black papaha which was preferred by Cossacks ...
Guepe's user avatar
  • 310
8 votes
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What is Russia's official reason for invading Crimea?

At the time, there was no reason given, for the simple fact that Russia wasn't openly doing it. The Russian troops being used to take over strategic points (including the Crimean parliament) in the ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
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8 votes

What were Russia and the US were planning to do if Ukraine refused to give up their nuclear arsenal?

Its a pretty reasonable assumption that they'd have done what they do for other such nations (eg: France, China, India), and pressure them to join the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. France and ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
8 votes
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Why was the Budjak annexed to Ukraine in 1940?

It looks like this is another border change we have Nikita Khrushchev to thank for. The commission that decided the administrative border between the Ukrainian SSR and Moldavian SSR inside the Soviet ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 120k
7 votes

Help with identifying my great-grandfather's pre-WWI Cossack uniform

May be your great grandfather was mobilised to the army when the WW1 was started. The Russian army had about 1,3 million soldiers and after mobilization it was up to 5 million soldiers. Both brothers ...
Khirgiy Mikhail's user avatar
7 votes

How popular was the Soviet Union?

There are four questions in one. People could like or dislike to certain degree the declared base principles of the state and society, the currently declared principles, the long-term real principles,...
Gangnus's user avatar
  • 7,269
7 votes

Why did the USSR give Crimea to Ukraine?

First of all, Khrushev was born in Russia and was ethnic Russian. In 1954, in all Crimea there were only about 15 grocery stores. There was no agriculture, factories, hospitals, or even roads. 40% of ...
Vadym T's user avatar
  • 79
7 votes

Why were there so many 'carrier killer' Kh-22 anti-ship missiles in Ukraine in the 1990s?

Taking a look at a map of NATO before the collapse of the USSR, we can see a few obvious things: The USSR has a long northern coastline, but it is defended by the formidable Northern Fleet equipped ...
SPavel's user avatar
  • 11.2k
6 votes
Accepted

How was the vast Khazar fortress of Sarkel destroyed?

Some of this history is still controversial (namely, the actual location of Sarkel). Following is what I have extracted from the book S. Pletneva, "Essays on Khazar archeology," ("Очерки хазарской ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 6,274
6 votes

Where are the 1921 census records for Haloch?

Thanks to your extensive research and your GIS and map skills, I may have an answer for you. Disclaimer: I do not read Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, Slovakian, or Hungarian. In the historical map ...
shoover's user avatar
  • 1,773
5 votes

Did the Ukraine and Moldova belong to Russia between 1905-1918?

No. They were not part of the Russian Federation. The Russian Federation did not exist at the time, it has only existed since 1991. Between 1905-1917, Ukraine and Moldova were part of the Russian ...
Jort Feenstra's user avatar
5 votes

Why was the capital of Ukraine moved in 1934?

The Bolsheviks moved back the national capital from St Petersburg to Moscow in 1918. (They did this to differentiate themselves from the Tsarists. Likewise, moving the Ukrainian capital to Kharkov in ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 104k
5 votes

When did the word "Holodomor" appear?

The December 26, 1925 issue of СВОБОДА (SVOBODA, "FREEDOM"), a Ukrainian language daily newspaper from Jersey City, New Jersey, USA, tagged "Official Organ of the Ukrainian National ...
shoover's user avatar
  • 1,773

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