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29

This was primarily due to the 1557 influenza pandemic, which returned in 1558 and perhaps lingered for another year or two. This was a global pandemic and other areas of Europe were also severely hit. Making things even worse was that the influenza was preceded by plague, typhus, measles (hat tip: Rusl) and famine in some regions of Europe. Influenza ...


0

What I am getting at is, who gave anyone the authority to appoint themselves and hence start a Royal line, I assume today's Royalty come from this Royal line At the time, anyone with an army could make himself King of whatever area he could conquer and hold. Constitutions, and prescriptive laws about succession, came rather later. Also, the current British ...


1

843 AD According to Wikipedia (right hand side of article) the foundation of Scotland was 843AD. Scotland, Wikipedia Established 9th century (traditionally 843) Kenneth MacAlpin The king during this period is widely believed to have been Kenneth MacAlpin, as you have already expressed. Kenneth MacAlpin, Wikipedia Kenneth MacAlpin (Medieval Gaelic: Cináed ...


12

INSTRUCTIONS GIVEN UPON THE INTRODUCTION OF THE PENNY POST, 1840 When the first adhesive stamp (then usually called a 'postage label stamp'), the Penny Black, was introduced in May 1840, instructions were given to place the stamp above and to the right of the address. These instructions were printed on the sheets of 240 stamps by the printers Perkins, Bacon &...


6

My Grandmother, who was a teacher, said that adults back then naturally thought in fractions and not decimals. You've got to consider there were no pocket calculators and for both mental arthritic and abacuses divisions in terms of ratios of natural numbers. Everything someone experienced growing up in those days: Measuring devices (no digital scales then, ...


2

I was there. (1960s) It was not confusing. Divide one old pound by three is 6/8. (six shillings and eight pence.) Divide a modern pound or a dollar by three and... The same goes for multiplication. Three jam doughnuts at fourpence is instantly a shilling. Having distinctive coinage made things easier still. 7/6 is three half-crowns (Instant after nearly ...


44

[Another] question quotes Terry Prattchett as: "The British resisted decimalized currency for a long time because they thought it was too complicated." Is this a fair comparison with its inference that British currency was significantly more complex than decimal currency? No. The quote is from Good Omens, by Terry Pratchett (not Prattchett) and ...


14

Here is a comparison chart with rough equivalences between coin values. I've matched coins at an approximate ratio of "1£ : $4" as covering both coin ranges and approximating the exchange rate of the time. s. / d.1 Pence Equiv. Coin / Note Name U.S. Value Cents Equiv. U.S. Coin 0 / ⅛ ⅛ d. Half-Farthing - - - 0 / ¼ ¼ d. Farthing $0, ½₵ ½₵ Half ...


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