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Some great answers, starting with lack of preparedness, timidity and belief that time was on their side. However, I am surprised no one mentioned the seasonal timing. Northern European wars typically stagnate during wintertime and offensives happen in spring, summer and fall. By attacking on Sept 1st, Germany gave itself just enough time to complete a 4-6 ...


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British Responses to the threat of Soviet Collapse. The Grand Alliance After the beginning of Operation Barbarossa on 22nd June 1941, the British were well aware of the strategic importance to themselves of keeping the Soviet Union fighting for as long as possible. Churchill announced to the world on the day of the invasion the British government's ...


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I wrote for Classic CD in its earliest years. I suspect that the reasons for its disappearance included the success of BBC Music Magazine (launched slightly later) and the modernisation of The Gramophone, which were surely its chief competitors. Also, its publisher Future Publishing underwent some ownership changes and an IPO around the time it closed, so ...


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Great question. According to the British parliaments website, the majority of those who got exempted were either medically unfit or worked in key industries. The link to the website is below. https://www.parliament.uk/about/living-heritage/transformingsociety/private-lives/yourcountry/overview/conscriptionww2/


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According to Wikipedia, jobs that were exempted in the UK were coal mining, ship building and engineering related activities. However,they could still join the Home Guard. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reserved_occupation


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The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the "straw that broke the camel's back." Together with the French, they had 191 battalions at the critical point of the fighting versus 128 for the Germans, with the BEF providing most of the difference. In the main drive, the Germans were able to contain the French 6th Army to the east, while the BEF on the west ...


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It meant that at least one army, the first, but also quite probably the second, and maybe even endangering the severely weakened third army, faced the danger of encirclement and total defeat. Supply lines were already strained heavily, French resistance became more staunch, the 6th French army guarding Paris more or less a surprise, and the third army being ...


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