18

When looking at why the UN does (or usually does not) do things, it's important to know two things: only resolutions by the UN Security Council are binding, and all of the permanent members have veto power. The permanent members at the time were the People's Republic of China, France, Russia, UK, and the US. With the Cold War just having ended, this was a ...


16

China did not participate in the voting as it has a long-standing policy of not participating in votes on resolutions of which it does not approve. The reasons for not participating or abstaining: the Chinese have been reluctant to use their veto power, opting instead for abstention and non-participation in votes. In this way — typical of Beijing’s ...


15

China (at the time) was one of the "Big Four" Allies (France was not) during World War II. (The "United Nations" originally meant the united, anti-Axis nations.) It's true that the "Big Three" were the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union, but there were a number of much weaker, plausible "number four" states, including China, France, and Poland (the ...


12

What and Why Happened The agreements called for Russia to be the sole heir to the USSR, because, contrary to the official Soviet propaganda, Russia was not just the "first among equals". USSR was a "re-branding" of the Russian Empire. Thus Russia inherited The debt The properties abroad (embassies &c) Operational control over Nukes Treaties, ...


11

1) what is the basis for the Spanish state’s actions? Any damn basis they please. They’re a Westphalian state. Being a sovereign entity involves never having to say you’re sorry unless another entity has a greater force of arms or you’ve voluntarily bound yourself. And making ridiculous unenforced claims tends to be a capacity that other entities don’t take ...


9

Jaffa, which has an Arab population of about 70,000, is entirely Arab except for two Jewish quarters. - United Nations Special Committee on Palestine. Report to the General Assembly. 1947. Jaffa was a predominantly Arab city with a large Arab majority. Carving Jaffa out as an Arab enclave was a land-efficient way of strengthening the proportion of ...


8

The Counter Reformation in Europe culminated in the murderous, no-holds-barred, Thirty Years War. That war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648, and ushered in a period of religious tolerance in Europe that, exclusive of Ireland, lasted for over three hundred years into the 20th Century. Note that the Treaty of Westphalia also occurred ...


8

Late PM Nehru clarified in Parliament that India was not offered a permanent membership on the UN Security Council. News item from "The Hindu" dated September 28, 1955: UN seat: Nehru clarifies Prime Minister Nehru has categorically denied any offer, formal or informal, having been received about a seat for India in the UN Security Council. He made this ...


7

There are several reasons. Recognizing the urgent danger that now exists that an increase in the number of States possessing nuclear weapons may occur, aggravating international tension and the difficulty of maintaining world peace, and thus rendering more difficult the attainment of general disarmament ... Calls upon all Governments to make every effort ...


7

According to this page on Wikipedia, India was one of the original members of the League of Nations. In principle, only sovereign states can become UN members. However, although today all UN members are fully sovereign states, four of the original members (Belarus, India, the Philippines, and Ukraine) were not independent at the time of their admission. ...


7

It appears he went as far as trying to convince African leaders of officially raising the issue. WASHINGTON, Aug. 12 —The State Department and the Justice Department have begun to take an interest in Malcolm X's campaign to convince African states to raise the question of persecution of American Negroes at the United Nations. The Black Nationalist leader ...


7

Full text of the Article X of the Treaty: The Catholic King does hereby, for himself, his heirs and successors, yield to the Crown of Great Britain the full and entire propriety of the town and castle of Gibraltar, together with the port, fortifications, and forts thereunto belonging; and he gives up the said propriety to be held and enjoyed absolutely ...


6

Different interpretations of the Treaty of Utrecht are one point on both sides, but they aren't the main point for any of them. For Spain, Gibraltar is a colony. Colonies are the dominion of a country over another one or a part of it, and even if it was acquired under a treaty, colonization is no longer a right in the XXI century and the colonized country ...


6

I've been researching this question for a few years as well, and wrote a university research paper on it a few years ago and writing my thesis topic on it too. Contrary to what one of the commentators said above, Russia getting U.S.S.R's veto power is NOT the same as UK getting veto power from the commonwealth. Not even close! Russia was only ONE of the ...


6

what locations were considered outside of Manhattan More than 200 locations in the USA were proposed. But first there was a choice of continent and country "When a vote on the location of the headquarters was taken in London in 1945, the United Kingdom, France, the Netherlands, and Canada voted for a European headquarters." Most UN members voted to ...


6

First, I think the United Nations is a barely functioning body, diplomatically. It serves many worthy causes in some of its agencies, such as the World Health Organization and the World Food Program, but for its main stated purpose it isn't much of a factor. However, the UN is sort of an arbiter of last resort for the smaller powers, because its decisions ...


5

There could be multiple perspectives to looking at this, but in my opinion its the following three factors: Economic Progress and Globalization: Since WW2, most countries have been so busy in rebuilding their Economies or sustaining Growth and Development, that war never got a priority that it once used to get (like during the 1800-1900 era). Especially ...


5

The Peoples Republic of China was not originally on the security council, as it did not exist in 1945 at the time the security council was created. The Peoples Republic of China inherited the Republic of China's seat on the council when it took over the ROC's place in the United Nations in 1971. Originally the United States supported the ROC's place on the ...


4

I think this one could be answered on two levels, one a more general one which I'll attempt, and the other a very specific one that looks into the motivations of the Soviet leaders of the time. I'm sure someone has some notes by Khrushchev why this was a desired move by the USSR. Some terminology should be clarified first. The PRC did not "enter" ...


4

I think the wording of your question suggests that you may not understand the role of a UN peacekeeping force, or the rules under which military forces are required to operate in general. In the video you linked, it states (at 9:00): "The soldiers know that UN rules call for them to withdraw if their lives are in danger" Those 'rules' are the Rules of ...


4

Apparently I was mislead by the formal version of the Negroponte doctrine. It had less formal predecessors. The 1993 article from which I'm quoting the passage below does seem to have a certain political bias, but on the bare stats, it's probably correct: Two years later, however, on Sept. 10, 1972, the United States employed its veto for the second time—to ...


3

Short answer: India was an original signatory of the Atlantic Charter, which was was unveiled in a "Declaration of United Nations" on January 1, 1942. This was an eclectic group of some 26 countries that included the following: 1) the Big 4, U.S., U.K., the Soviet Union, and China; 2) a number of small Latin American countries in Central America and the ...


3

The role of the United Nations changed significantly. The League of Nations was a rather shoddy attempt, that honestly only had one working goal: war reparations. It failed because it both didn't have the backing of nations interested in aiding it, and because it was a fairly lost cause to begin with. The United Nations, though, has existed because 1) it ...


3

Why wasn't the 1953 Iranian coup d’état considered [by the UN Security Council] to be a violation of United Nations Charter? It doesn't seem to have come up. Resolutions adopted by the Security Council in 1953 S/RES/103 (1953) International Court of Justice S/RES/102 (1953) International Court of Justice S/RES/101 (1953) The ...


2

The United Nations grew out of the organisation of the Allied side of the Second World War, who were formally known as the United Nations from the beginning of 1942. To join at that stage, a government had to sign the Declaration by United Nations, and declare war on the Axis powers. The declaration had been drafted by FDR, Churchill and Harry Hopkins, in ...


2

There have been a few successful condominiums, where two (or more!) countries shared control of a territory. Some examples: New Hebrides/Vanuatu (French/English condominium, lasted 1906 to 1980). Egypt (French/English condominium 1876-1882) Cyprus (Byzantine/Arab condominium 688 to 900s) So, THEORETICALLY, India and Pakistan might be able to share the ...


2

I think a partial answer can be deduced from Russia's (2009) written statement to the ICJ proceedings on the Kosovo declaration of independence. In support of their view that 1244 implicitly prohibited a unilateral declaration of independence, Russia's statement recalled that Resolution 1244 reaffirmed the territorial integrity of Serbia: "commitment of ...


1

There was a Free France a government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle and they had the Free French Forces that continued to battle Germany.


1

Usually no. Cases like Kashmir, where two sides claim a territory, but neither of them is strong enough to completely defeat their enemy. Where also no external power (stronger than all participants together) is interested on fix the issue or no chance of cleaning of minorities is available (like genocide or deportation) are for example: Arab-Israel ...


1

There were 26 signatories to the Declaration of the United Nations on January 1, 1942. They included the following: 1) The Big Four, United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and the (Nationalist) Republic of China. 2) Five British Commonwealth countries outside of Europe: Australia, New Zealand, Canada, India, South Africa. 3) Nine small countries in ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible