23

That looks like the archaic form of the letter "s". Shown here in the word "Congress" from the original US Bill of Rights: The Latin name for that long-s glyph is "solidus", which also happens to be the word from which we got the word "shilling". Of course this was not a coincidence. This glyph looks a bit like a ...


15

Not following instructions As found by Pieter Geerkens, the instructions for the 1860 census repeatedly state that values should be written in dollars only. However, from context, we can quickly rule out $12 and $10 as plausible values for these columns, so the logical conclusion is that the clerk failed to obey that instruction for these values, and wrote ...


9

Having tracked down the Instructions to U.S. Marshals, Instructions to Assistants for the 1860 census I draw attention to these excerpts describing the means of calculating and recording then census: Schedule No. 1 - Free Inhabitants Item 12. Value of real Estate ..., and are to insert this amount in dollars, be the estate located where it may. .... Item ...


7

This can be explained by organisational history, but for different reasons in the US and Canadian contexts. The British system, where the RAF has distinct names, arises from the origins of the RAF in 1918. It was formed by merging the Army and Navy air wings, which were until then using their original rank structures. The new service's ranks were newly ...


6

As comments have pointed out, the distinction between sentencing someone to slavery and sentencing them to prison under a convict leasing system is in some ways a subtle one. Nonetheless, the document shown in the question does reflect the specific way in which Southern states originally interpreted the Thirteenth Amendment, adopted in late 1865. This ...


4

A Picture's Worth A Thousand Words... Why did the US Navy and Marine Corps use satanic symbolism in WW2? Ultimately for the same reason it's still using it today; as such, the real question would be why not? [T]he U.S. was largely [a] Christian country at that time. Which would probably explain why they heavily employed Christian symbolism associated ...


3

Most likely must have been some kind of speculative FAE weapon, described in Wikipedia article on Thermobaric weapons A fuel–air explosive (FAE) device consists of a container of fuel and two separate explosive charges. After the munition is dropped or fired, the first explosive charge bursts open the container at a predetermined height and disperses the ...


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