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9

Merck's 1899 Manual of the Materia Medica, described as a "ready reference pocket book for the practicing physician" has the following: Cerebral Concussion. Rest: absolute to be enjoined. Stimulants to be avoided. Warmth: to extremities. A Manual of surgical treatment v.7, 1899-1903 (published in 1901) goes in to much more detail: In the ...


6

It was precautionary until some sense of scale for the attacks had been determined by U.S. intelligence agencies. We know now that the four hijacked planes were the entire planned attack - but that was not known at the time. There was widespread fear that, particularly if a nation state was behind the attacks, that there might be additional waves coming. ...


6

The question seems to assume the existence of immigration controls, which are a fairly modern invention. The first US law restricting (voluntary) immigration in any significant way wasn't passed until 1875*. Prior to that, the general process in the Americas was to control naturalization (citizenship), but not immigration. Of course anyone wanting to live ...


8

Your question is premised on some incorrect assumptions: Casualties were not that high. The U.S. Army enlisted over 11 million men and suffered less than 500,000 killed and MIA, only a bit more wounded (but many of whom returned to service). Overall percentage killed was 2.2%. Yes, the U.S. military is known for its long tail, but even for the pointy end of ...


2

China's extended campaign of commercial espionage has raided almost every highly developed economy. But far and away its biggest targets have been the military secrets of the United States. The J-10 is widely regarded as a copy of the American F-16 and by extension the Israeli Lavi. More damaging the Chinese J-20 stealth fighter Is believed to be based ...


5

I worked in land development in Texas and studied surveying in college. Excess land in old surveys was a very common problem mainly because the methods used to conduct the surveys in the old days was not near as precise as they would become later. The professors even mentioned the exact term "feeling their oats." They had a tendency, when land was ...


5

Question: How were British tea taxes collected in Boston in the early 1770s? Short Answer: Prior to 1773 all legal tea in the Colonies had to be shipped through Britain. Tea was taxed entering Britain and again when shipped from Britain to the Colonies. Taxes were paid by both the East India company and Colonial wholesalers. The East India company paid ...


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