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15

Yes, in fact there are many accounts by Soviet armed forces members themselves which either heavily insinuate or directly claim that such rapes did occur. The best account material is from Vasily Grossman, in his book "Writer at War". Grossman was with the front line units of the 8th Guards Army as a journalist and would've seen such acts first hand. He ...


15

Look up the Tokyo trials. As for the Italians, they weren't implicated in war crimes on the same scale as the Germans and Japanese.


12

There were probably several factors at play here: The Bundeswehr saw the Wehrmacht as a respected predecessor. In the 70's you still found many influential officers, politicians, judges and other 'pillars of society' that had been Nazis, still were Nazis at heart, or had been active and successful in the Third Reich in some way. Maybe, they did not see ...


11

Making a direct comparison between the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials is problematic. In an article in the European Journal of International Law (2010), Kirsten Sellars assessed the trials in the light of three academic texts published in 2008 & 2009: From the outset, the Allies had justified the prosecution of the leaders of the Axis powers on the ...


9

There are a number of Biblical (Old Testament, so over 2000 years ago) mentions of such things, for instance Hosea 13:16, 2 Kings 15:16, Joshua 6:20-21, 1 Samuel 15:3, Psalms 137:8-9... The difference is that it's not accounts of one's enemies doing it to your people, but instructions for what your people should do to their enemies.


8

This answer was posted in response to the original question: I am seeking information on the locating and detaining of suspected Nazi war criminals and SS officials near and shortly after the end of WWII in Europe. Specifically, was there an organized or coordinated effort charged with this task similar to the effort to locate and return stolen art by the ...


8

TL;DR version: Between 442 462 and 1 245 450 people in all countries of the Eastern Front. Long version Warning: I believe a bad estimate is better than no estimate at all and I'm aware of the flaws of this "method". If you know a better one, I'm all ears. Maybe you can take these calculations and improve them. Miriam Gebhardt writes in her book Als die ...


8

The principal reason that Hitler did not use chemical weapons on any large scale on the battlefield was deterrence. By the time he accepted that Germany was losing the war, the Western Allies had air dominance over Germany, and could have attacked German cities with gas. They had the weapons available, were prepared to use them in response to German chemical ...


7

Japanese war criminals were tried in Tokyo after the war. Generals Tojo (the former Japanese Prime Minister) and Yamashita (in charge of the Philippines) were hanged as a result.


7

It appears that you are basically asking if USA sources ever publish histories that are either cheifly about, or at least include, some of the more unsavory, or even downright immoral conduct of the United States throughout its history. The answer to that has to be an unequivocal yes. The temptation here is to produce a list (which is outside of the bounds ...


6

There is another perspective on this, which is suggested by the historian Mark Solonin in a speculative 2009 article. The article is a long, wide-ranging and detailed one so I'll summarize the major points of his arguments, as I understand them. The wording is mine and so is the presentation: There were indeed numerous atrocities committed against German ...


6

At least, his whereabouts were known to the allied war crimes prosecution authorities: General Müller was interrogated during the preparation of the Nuremberg trials by the "Military Division" of the OCCWC (Office, Chief of Counsel for War Crimes) in 1947 and 1948; the Institut für Zeitgeschichte München (Institute of Contemporary History, Munich) provides a ...


6

Müller was a "general with special duties" on the staff of OKH. This made him the top legal officer for the Heer, the German Army, but meant he had no jurisdiction over the Luftwaffe, Navy or SS. He wrote the first draft of the commissar order, but he doesn't seem to have originated the idea. That happened in a speech by Hitler to a large group (200-250) ...


5

The period of early post-war occupation is paramount in characterising the politics in place there and then. It might be extended to characterised the restrictions in place by limiting the time frame to the time when exactly four different zones of occupation existed, as the British and American zones were 'unified' quite early (bi-zone) and then the French ...


5

Snopes has a short summary of the topic: Sarin gas was developed under Hitler’s government and Nazi Gen. Hermann Ochsner, who led the German Army Weapons Office, called for it to be deployed via airstrikes, arguing: “There is no doubt that a city like London would be plunged into a state of unbearable turmoil that would bring enormous pressure to bear on ...


5

I want to provide some context for the developments in question. At the time in Germany abortions were prohibited unless as a result of rape, especially by "subhumans". If a woman claimed she was raped by a Russian, the abortion was conducted for free so to prevent racial pollution. This legislation remained in force for some time after the defeat of Germany....


5

CROWCASS was initiated after the war was essentially won and the Allies had the resources of Germany and everyone in it at their disposal. They had hundreds of thousands of people in prisons and camps and gigantic interrogation teams. German officers and leaders were interned in special prisons and subjected to round the clock interrogation. Many German ...


5

On my opinion, Wikipedia article on Manstein contains a detailed answer to this question. Manstein conviction was somewhat controversial. For example, Churchill and Adenauer were among those who objected this. He served his jail term until 1953 and then was released. So it is true of course that Manstein was a "convicted military criminal". But he was not ...


4

Manstein, at no time, was a member of the Nazi party. A fact you can find on the Wikipedia or ANY of his many biographies, or in fact in any history of the German high command. Calling Manstein a "Nazi" is both factually incorrect and likely would have been considered very insulting to him, to his family and to many others on the general staff that served ...


3

If there were Allied spies in Berlin during the war, they would have been seeking information of more immediate value. The CROWCASS lists were not finished until 1947, so there would have been plenty of time to use German records after the war. One source that may have contributed was the card-index at Bletchley Park. That indexed every name, place, ship, ...


3

There was lots of spying and surveillance being done by the military, producing copious amounts of often quite mundane data that was then analyzed for its military usefulness. All it took was to make it someone's job to look through that same data for evidence of war crimes.


2

The 'big' trial as mentioned above was carried out in Tokyo. But there were numerous other trials of Japanese personnel with various degrees of fairness. My answer is a summary based upon sources that I am familiar with. The US Roger Mansell has a collection of the American lead trials under Pacific Area War Crimes Trials, Guam that were mostly held in ...


2

I think your answer is best illustrated with examples on a case-by-case basis. Sometimes the "middle-managers" would be known to Allied intelligence based on direct information gathering schemes. Other times some persons might be known to the individuals involved. For example, many of the events we'd call war crimes had witnesses- perpetrators, victims, and ...


2

Look at history Manstein was a true soldier not a political figure. This was shown by Churchill appreciating this fact and contributing to his defense during the war crimes trial. If Germany had won the war how many American and English high ranking figures would have been on trial? The man was dedicated soldier and should be respected for his genius.


2

Blaž Kraljević Only name that comes to mind is Blaž Kraljević. He was leader of Croatian Defence Forces (HOS), a paramilitary force serving under Bosnian Armed forces. He did better than arguing against extremism, he stood up against extremism. The only condition he presented to hard-pressed-on-all-sides Bosnians for his cooperation was that Bosnia will ...


2

One early (medieval) example is in Historia Anglorum by Henry of Huntington: Scots: "cleft open pregnant women, and took out the unborn babes; they tossed children upon the spear-points, and beheaded priests on altars: they cut the head of crucifixes, and placed them on the trunks of the slain; and placed the heads of the dead upon the crucifixes. Thus ...


1

Long story short: Most such stories are exaggerated or pure fiction. But some are true, and such practices no doubt go back before the beginning of the species Homo sapiens. Nobody was ever accused of impaling children and babies or anyone else on swords, spears, pikes, or bayonets until swords, spears, pikes, or bayonets were invented. The first known ...


1

About 500 US soldiers were condemned to death during WW2 for murder or rape. Of these, 70 were actually executed, the rest being let go after serving short prison terms. No distinction was made between murders which were "war crimes" and criminal murders, but it is likely the large majority of murders and rapes which were prosecuted were of a criminal nature....


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