11 votes
Accepted

Did significant numbers of Japanese officers escape prosecution during the Tokyo Trials?

Making a direct comparison between the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials is problematic. In an article in the European Journal of International Law (2010), Kirsten Sellars assessed the trials in the light of ...
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11 votes
Accepted

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

There were probably several factors at play here: The Bundeswehr saw the Wehrmacht as a respected predecessor. In the 70's you still found many influential officers, politicians, judges and other '...
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  • 4,713
9 votes

Who was the first to accuse enemy troops of impaling babies, cutting fetuses from women's bellies, etc.?

There are a number of Biblical (Old Testament, so over 2000 years ago) mentions of such things, for instance Hosea 13:16, 2 Kings 15:16, Joshua 6:20-21, 1 Samuel 15:3, Psalms 137:8-9... The ...
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  • 2,865
8 votes
Accepted

How did the Allies locate, identify and process Nazi War criminals?

This answer was posted in response to the original question: I am seeking information on the locating and detaining of suspected Nazi war criminals and SS officials near and shortly after the end of ...
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  • 76.4k
8 votes

Did Nazi Germany use chemical weapons on the battlefield?

The principal reason that Hitler did not use chemical weapons on any large scale on the battlefield was deterrence. By the time he accepted that Germany was losing the war, the Western Allies had air ...
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  • 28.1k
7 votes

What happened to General Eugen Müller after WWII?

At least, his whereabouts were known to the allied war crimes prosecution authorities: General Müller was interrogated during the preparation of the Nuremberg trials by the "Military Division" of the ...
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  • 3,316
6 votes

What happened to General Eugen Müller after WWII?

Müller was a "general with special duties" on the staff of OKH. This made him the top legal officer for the Heer, the German Army, but meant he had no jurisdiction over the Luftwaffe, Navy or SS. He ...
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6 votes
Accepted

What transit restrictions were in place in Occupied Germany limiting military and civilian movement between the four occupation zones?

The period of early post-war occupation is paramount in characterising the politics in place there and then. It might be extended to characterised the restrictions in place by limiting the time frame ...
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5 votes

Was the 1939 Red Army more disciplined / better behaved than the 1943-1945 Red Army?

There is a certain opinion-based element in how the question is framed. This answer will refrain from evaluating the "better" aspects, and focus instead on what is known: regarding the events in the "...
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5 votes

Have the officials/leaders of the winning country ever been punished for war crimes?

I will assume you are looking for examples of someone of the victorious nation being punished by an international tribunal, not just by their own country's courts (because, as T.E.D. pointed out, ...
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  • 4,078
5 votes

Did Nazi Germany use chemical weapons on the battlefield?

Snopes has a short summary of the topic: Sarin gas was developed under Hitler’s government and Nazi Gen. Hermann Ochsner, who led the German Army Weapons Office, called for it to be deployed via ...
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  • 214
5 votes

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

If there were Allied spies in Berlin during the war, they would have been seeking information of more immediate value. The CROWCASS lists were not finished until 1947, so there would have been plenty ...
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  • 28.1k
5 votes

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

CROWCASS was initiated after the war was essentially won and the Allies had the resources of Germany and everyone in it at their disposal. They had hundreds of thousands of people in prisons and camps ...
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  • 37.3k
5 votes

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

On my opinion, Wikipedia article on Manstein contains a detailed answer to this question. Manstein conviction was somewhat controversial. For example, Churchill and Adenauer were among those who ...
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  • 37.5k
4 votes

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

Manstein, at no time, was a member of the Nazi party. A fact you can find on the Wikipedia or ANY of his many biographies, or in fact in any history of the German high command. Calling Manstein a "...
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  • 37.3k
3 votes
Accepted

Has there been a soldier who refused a direct illegal order and was not prosecuted for insubordination (post-1945)?

Yes Per This article, it appears to have happened at least once. The article is about disobeying unlawful orders in general, but this particular section seems to best answer your question. The ...
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3 votes
Accepted

Was the 1939 Red Army more disciplined / better behaved than the 1943-1945 Red Army?

"No combat ready unit has ever passed inspection" When we talk about Red Army (RKKA) in period of 1937-1941 (up to, and in first months of German invasion), we are talking about army that was under ...
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  • 10.9k
2 votes

How were middle ranking Nazis known to the allies before the end of the war?

I think your answer is best illustrated with examples on a case-by-case basis. Sometimes the "middle-managers" would be known to Allied intelligence based on direct information gathering schemes. ...
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  • 387
2 votes

What other war crimes trials, besides those of Nazi war criminals, were held after WWII?

The 'big' trial as mentioned above was carried out in Tokyo. But there were numerous other trials of Japanese personnel with various degrees of fairness. My answer is a summary based upon sources that ...
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  • 153
2 votes
Accepted

Which leading Serbs and Croats argued against their own extremists in the wars 1992-95?

Blaž Kraljević Only name that comes to mind is Blaž Kraljević. He was leader of Croatian Defence Forces (HOS), a paramilitary force serving under Bosnian Armed forces. He did better than arguing ...
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  • 8,133
2 votes

Why was a convicted Nazi war criminal buried with military honours?

Look at history Manstein was a true soldier not a political figure. This was shown by Churchill appreciating this fact and contributing to his defense during the war crimes trial. If Germany had won ...
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  • 37
2 votes

Who was the first to accuse enemy troops of impaling babies, cutting fetuses from women's bellies, etc.?

One early (medieval) example is in Historia Anglorum by Henry of Huntington: Scots: "cleft open pregnant women, and took out the unborn babes; they tossed children upon the spear-points, and ...
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  • 37.5k
1 vote

Have the officials/leaders of the winning country ever been punished for war crimes?

Never. Winning countries have never been punished for war crimes. But Losing countries have never been either. People of countries are convinced and punished for war crimes. High ranking officers of ...
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  • 5,184
1 vote

Who was the first to accuse enemy troops of impaling babies, cutting fetuses from women's bellies, etc.?

Long story short: Most such stories are exaggerated or pure fiction. But some are true, and such practices no doubt go back before the beginning of the species Homo sapiens. Nobody was ever accused ...
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  • 17.4k
1 vote

Did the Allies punish their own war criminals?

About 500 US soldiers were condemned to death during WW2 for murder or rape. Of these, 70 were actually executed, the rest being let go after serving short prison terms. No distinction was made ...
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