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68

FC: What exactly is a 'stimulant'? We might follow some modern definition and arrive at a certain restricted subset of chemicals that includes meth and modafinil. But that excludes quite a bit of drugs used and disregards a lot of effects that derive from synergistic combinations, timing, dosage set and setting of using drugs. The question also leaves open ...


34

Caffeine is a stimulant and it was heavily Used in the US Civil War. At the time, it was believed to “[give] a significant advantage”: Grinspan states that Union General Benjamin Butler was aware of the effect caffeine had on soldiers and ordered his men to carry coffee in their canteens. He planned his attacks, in part, when his men were most ...


18

KOLA NUTS In sub-Saharan Africa, kola nuts have long been used by soldiers. For example, in the Sudan, Military officials dispensed kola to their soldiers before battle. It was thought to make men brave, even eager for combat (‘Yana sa mutum ya yi yaki da yawa’), and it combated cowardice and the urge to flee on the battlefield because it made men ...


4

Yes, nearly every government suppresses the value of money – but the question as stated doesn't make any sense. The most frequent way to suppress the value of money is inflation. Every government manipulates the value of their money. Premodern governments debased their coins to suppress the value of money. Of course they maintained the fiat value, but ...


2

You should be aware that Ireland was a neutral country during the Second World War, and Ireland had no overseas colonies. As far as I can see, none of the 151 soldiers in "A" Company of the 35th Battalion of the Irish Army had any experience of active service. This was certainly not a "commando company" or other specialist unit. While most of the men ...


2

3 megatons. The Source I've seen quoted in several places is the one calculated by the Center for Arms Control and Non Proliferation given below. quotes: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists The total blast power of World War II has been calculated as three megatons by the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament. . ...


2

Here are some other historical questions that user 69268 could ask: How was Ninevah, capital of the mighty Neo Assyrian Empire, captured and destroyed by the revolting Medes, Persians, Babylonians, Chaldeans, Scythians, and Cimmerians in 612 BC? How was Babylon, capital of the mighty Neo Babylonian Empire, captured by the Persians in 539 BC? How as ...


2

The term "World War" is a fairly modern invention -- one source says it was coined in 1940 to describe the then-ongoing wars in Europe and the Far East and retroactively applied to the Great War to name it WWI. (Note that there is no claim that the phrase "World War" was first used only in 1940. the claim is that it first came into general use about then to ...


1

Yes. It's called feudalism and arose organically, rather than by government decree, over much of Western Europe following the fall of the Western Roman Empire. One might think of it as a type of quantitative easing. With the precious metals of Europe mined out above the water line, yet the steady stream east of specie for silk and spices unabated, money ...


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