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32 votes

How much louder was a Napoleonic era cannon than a musket?

From inspecting the French and Russian Orders of Battle for Borodino, I get a rough total of 113,000 musket-armed French with 700 guns against 106,000 musket-armed Russians with 614 guns. In total, ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
32 votes
Accepted

Why were slings phased out of medieval armies in favor of bows?

Phased out? Says who? Slings were used in European armies until the 16th century...the Castilian king had 30,000 infantry slingers in 1386...The sling was last used in Europe for military purposes at ...
SPavel's user avatar
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27 votes
Accepted

How much more damage can a big cannon do to a ship than a small one?

At the simplest level, yes, a larger shot will have better penetration than smaller shot for the same muzzle velocity or for a given powder charge. The amount of damage/casualties actually caused will ...
Steve Bird's user avatar
  • 19.4k
11 votes

How much more damage can a big cannon do to a ship than a small one?

As a supplement to @SteveBird 's fine answer, I took the values he supplied, passed them through the R and generated some plots using ggplot. In all cases, solid shot like these, while perfectly ...
bob1's user avatar
  • 591
10 votes

How much louder was a Napoleonic era cannon than a musket?

The noise of a firearm comes from the free-air expansion of high-pressure gas escaping the muzzle. The sound from multiple guns does not add up linearly. Each gun's sound is a single pulse of pressure....
Therac's user avatar
  • 201
7 votes

How much louder was a Napoleonic era cannon than a musket?

When two enormous armies meet, only a relatively small number of infantrymen can engage at any time: maybe only a few thousand, maybe only a few hundred, musketeers on each side are in a position to ...
JavaLatte's user avatar
  • 187
6 votes

Why were slings phased out of medieval armies in favor of bows?

Ranged attacks work especially well in volleys, as the concentrated firepower is likely to wound more people simultaneously, causing confusion and fear, and making it harder to regroup. A group of ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33k
6 votes

When did the Allied war aims change?

The requirement for "unconditional surrender" as the only acceptable end to the war was agreed on at the Casablanca conference between the leaders of the three main Allies (UK, US, Soviet ...
DJClayworth's user avatar
  • 1,455
4 votes
Accepted

Where and how were the catapults/trebuchets operators trained?

It is a truism that the source of most training was from master to apprentice, who then went on to become a master, taking on an apprentice – and so on. But, the question still remains: How did the ...
Warren's user avatar
  • 587
3 votes
Accepted

What was the nature of conflict between Helvetii and German in prelude to Gallic Wars?

As was mentioned in the comments, the only actual personal documentation we have of this is the very account of Caesar. So if he didn't answer the question about their motivations, technically there's ...
T.E.D.'s user avatar
  • 119k
2 votes

How much more damage can a big cannon do to a ship than a small one?

As a supplement to @bob1 's fine answer, which already is "a supplement to @SteveBird 's fine answer" You might want to plot with the pounder on the x-axis: (x-axis: pounder in pounds; y-...
lu_ciol_'s user avatar
2 votes

Was there any war won by the victim without sending forces to lands/seas/air of the attacker?

Dismissing the U.S. as a merely a "rebellion" is absurd; denying the very real manner in which the several "states" were self governing well before the Declaration of Independence. ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
2 votes

How effective were longbow archers against plate-armored infantry?

Check out this video - it's far more scientific and historically accurate than the first video mentioned! There's a whole series of them testing out historically evidenced armour. In short, the ...
Harbinger-9's user avatar
1 vote

When did the Allied war aims change?

Article 8 of the Atlantic Charter states: they believe that all of the nations of the world, for realistic as well as spiritual reasons must come to the abandonment of the use of force. Since no ...
Pieter Geerkens's user avatar
1 vote

Could skirmishers pass through friendly formations in ancient/medieval warfare?

My answer is to simply bring up some human factors in this kind of maneuver, from someone who has had a bit of military experience. Yes, you could have skirmishers pass through friendly formations as ...
Smith's user avatar
  • 2,091
1 vote

Could skirmishers pass through friendly formations in ancient/medieval warfare?

This is not going to rise the level that I consider the minimum for a good answer, but it is getting longer than a simple comment. I also don't have time to deliver a complete answer, so these are ...
MCW's user avatar
  • 33k
1 vote

What was the nature of conflict between Helvetii and German in prelude to Gallic Wars?

Many of the Indian tribes in the USA had warrior cultures, where a man could gain prestige and wealth by attacking and looting members of other tribes. Those Indian tribes were bad neighbors to other ...
MAGolding's user avatar
  • 19.3k
1 vote

Was there any Empire that only used bronze?

The Empire of Sargon. - the first one. What is funny, some sources consider bronze as the main target of the existence of that empire. The mechanism was as such: The Empire needed bronze. Bronze=tin+...
Gangnus's user avatar
  • 7,122
1 vote

Has a CIWS system ever shot down a missile in combat?

Yesterday Houthi’s fired upon US destroyer, CIWS was used on missile within 1 mile of the ship.
Brandon Heinrichs's user avatar
1 vote

What caused the shift from annexation of territory, to colonization of territory?

There's a lot to like in @Schwern's answer and I have upvoted it, but it makes the whole process sound so planned and so organized. Until roughly the 19th century, colonization/conquest was more a ...
Mark Olson's user avatar
  • 7,728

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