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4

Out of all the ones that you've mentioned gunnery was the biggest factor, since the quality of the British battlecruiser gunnery at Jutland was recognized as atrocious by the Admiralty themselves and lead directly to another of the issue on your list. It was worse than the Germans before the war for the very British reason that their captains could suffer ...


17

Note: The original question title read: Q Why German admiralty was so optimistic about the possible outcome of the naval attack on Royal Navy in 1918? This answer still responds to both versions of the title, but parts of the structure are the result of going primarily for the first version of the title. "Optimistic" may not be the best word to ...


39

The point was not to cripple the Royal Navy, or even win the war. The point was to "go down in glory". (Edit: Or having a moment of glory, if you like that better.) Admiral Scheer's take on this: „Wenn auch nicht zu erwarten ist, dass hierdurch der Lauf der Dinge eine entscheidende Wendung erfährt, so ist es doch aus moralischen Gesichtspunkten ...


10

The Battle of Jutland was not a German defeat. Although the German navy failed to achieve their strategic goal of breaking the power of the British Grand Fleet, they scored a tactical victory, sinking six heavy ships (three battlecruisers, three armored cruisers) for the loss of only two (one battlecruiser, one pre-dreadnaught). The numeric odds had shifted ...


1

Railway guns were outdated by WW2, But it's complicated. They were designed to be artillery, bunker-buster and defensive. Though the German examples during WW2 were the most notable, the British, French, American, Italian... Even Polish and Russian examples had niches. For example, Gladiator (British) was used to train Naval crews on the guns without having ...


3

While we wait for more detail I did find some interesting diagrams that should help you. I can tell you that the EOC is for British, Elswick Ordnance Company made the first shell. EOC's main customer was the British Government during WW1. If it was stamped EOC it would have been used by the Brits, otherwise it was stamped with W.G. Armstrong if it was ...


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