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By late 1944, Japan was in ruins. Most major cities had already been destroyed by 1945 bombing of Japan was more so a psychological weapon than practical. However Japan did not consolidate industry to major factories and diversified production of war goods to cottage industry and small scale manufacturing. So destroying all in vicinity was paramount.


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You're going to have to learn quite a lot about the bombing campaigns before you can start to research this facet of them in a meaningful way. The history is complicated, and has been obscured by politics. The issues you need to understand include, but are not limited to: The ideology of "independent air forces." The widely variable meanings of &...


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In short: Political compromise based on economic and primarily logistical considerations slowly solidified over the initially symbolic and political reasons. Kliment Voroshilov formed the crucial ideas and formulated the argument for the Soviet side. An idea the other two western allies accepted, initially for a short period of time: follow pre-existing ...


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The initial decision to divide Berlin into sectors was made around the 12th of September 1944 by the European Advisory Commission (EAC). E.A.C. (44) 9th Meeting Berlin Area (as shown on the annexed map "B") The Berlin area (by which expression is understood the territory of "Greater Berlin" as defined by the law of the 27th April 1920) ...


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No big difference between Heer and Waffen SS heavy tank battalions First of all, you must understand that Waffen SS was part of Deutsche Wehrmacht, i.e. German armed forces. This is important for various reasons, not at least legalistic i.e. members of Waffen SS were "legal" combatants in a sense they represented armed forces of their state (Third ...


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Guderian himself offers some insight into this question in his memoir, Panzer Leader. Around the end of July 1941, when the critical decisions were being made, there was a growing divergence of opinion within Army Group Centre over where the greater enemy threat to the Army Group was arising. Fourth Army were of the opinion that the Soviet forces growing ...


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Gomel operation was part of the cleaning after Smolensk battle. von Bock's armies defended themselves in the center and attacked with limited forces on the flanks. In the south, Guderian won the battles near Gomel and Krichev... During those days Guderian emancipated himself from von Kluge (commander of IV army), so he had more freedom (II Panzer group was ...


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In round figures, the Germans occupied about 700,000 square miles of the Soviet Union in 1941 (at their peak). Of this, roughly 500,000 square miles represented former Soviet Republics: the Baltic states, Belarus, the Ukraine, etc. Another 100,000 represented territory occupied by the Soviets between 1939-1941: eastern Poland, and parts of Romania and ...


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My understanding is that there would have been differences between being a Wehrmacht Panzer Major and an SS Panzer Major. What would those differences be? The Wehrmacht was the military of the nation of Germany, the German army was the Heer. The SS (Schutzstaffel) was the paramilitary wing of the Nazi Party, the Waffen-SS was its military wing. In theory, ...


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Tens of thousands of prisoners of war were taken between the 17th and the 22nd of June. Then Président du Conseil (Head of Government) and Chief of Armies Philippe Pétain made a huge blunder when he announced on radio the 17th of June, 1940, that France was seeking an armistice with Germany and that The fight must be stopped. "il faut cesser le combat&...


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Iron ore comes as Hematite, Goethite, Limonite, etc, and Magnetite. Basically Fe2O3 for the others and Fe3O4 for Magnetite. Plus contaminants. Fe3O4 contains more iron per molecule than Fe2O3. Purified it comes to about 67% iron and 33% oxygen. Fe2O3 comes in at around 63% iron. But, as dug out of the ground, Hematite etc. can be pretty close, with little ...


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One of the catalysts was the "accidental" sinking of the U.S.S. Panay in December, 1937. This was an American-owned and flagged gunboat patrolling the Yangtze River. The Japanese didn't realize this (or so they claimed) because it was of Chinese make, and Japan was at war with China. The incident was contained but not forgotten when the Japanese ...


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There were already numerous French soldiers taken as prisonners of war when the Armistice happened. 2/ Those prisonners of war could have been paroled, but the Germans did not trust France. OP mentionned Dutch army as an example to follow, however while Dutch army was small and easily beaten, France was an other matter. The Germans, in 1940, could not take ...


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As noted in the OP, armstice means a ceasefire - not a peace agreement. Formally Vichy France and Germany remained in the state of war till the end of their existence. The situation was militarily lost in June 1940, to the extent that the French had no means to prevent German army from overrunning the metropolitan France. Thetefore, the last days of the ...


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It may not be possible to find out from online material. The London Gazette notes for the calendar years 1942 through 1945 only: HRH Princess Elizabeth was appointed: As of Feb. 24, 1942, appointed Col. Gren. Gds; As of July 28, 1944, with her mother, appointed regent while her father travelled abroad; As of Feb. 24, 1945, granted the honourary rank of ...


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Stoke Rochford Hall, Near Grantham, Lincolnshire


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