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43

Short Answer Allied superiority in cryptography versus both the Germans and the Japanese can be broadly attributed to (1) better/greater coordination among personnel, awareness of vulnerabilities, and allocation of resources for breaking enemy codes and, (2) the fact that Axis codes were (mostly, though not always) more easy to break than Allied ones. ...


-1

The Deceivers by Thaddeus Holt is a history of Allied deception operations in WWII, but it necessarily also covers codebreaking. I'm not sure how objective the book is (it seems to be rehashing some British/American feuds) but it was quite dismissive of Japanese intelligence operations in general. Lots of Allied (British) effort to plant false clues and then ...


8

I have tracked down the Dahl quote from Going Solo: We had nine Hurricanes at Haifa and the same number of pilots, and in the days that followed we were kept very busy. Our main job was to protect the navy ... every day they would sail up the coast past Tyre and Sidon to bombard the Vichy French forces in the mountains around the Damour river. And whenever ...


0

Yes, Poland had a large number of Jews because Polish rulers welcomed and protected Jews in Poland for the better part of 1000 years. This was because of the contributions that the Jews made to the economic development of the country through trade, finance, and moneylending, and because these skills were "rarer" in Poland, than in other countries. ...


2

Germany had very tough gun laws after WWI, which were gradually relaxed during the Weimar Republic and the Nazi regime. I'll paraphrase German Wikipedia: Immediately after WWI, private gun ownership was outlawed, however this was impossible to enforce because guns were not registered. Especially post Freikorps right wing militias (Schwarze Reichswehr) were ...


10

WW2 Pacific Theater means US, British, or Japanese; let's start with the US. Long, solid, and pointy means anti-tank round, and it's capped. US anti-tank guns of 3" diameter means 75mm, 76mm, or 3 inch shell. 76mm and 3 inch would be overkill against Japanese armor, so probably a shell for the 75mm M2 tank gun. That cuts it down to an M72 or M61 shell. ...


21

From what I can see, the term "The Good War" when used for WWII was coined by Studs Terkel. If you look at the Google ngrams as Mark C Wallace suggests, you see two spikes, one small one starting in late sixties, and one large one starting in the late eighties. In 1965, Marian Maury published The good war: The UN's world-wide fight against poverty,...


5

It was contrary to regulations. Sir Oswald Mosely was charged under Defense Regulation 18B. That said, it was possible to express anti-war opinions; lawful opposition existed. Although the question doesn't ask, @sempaiscuba is correct to point out that expressing opposition wasn't a capital offense; Sir Oswald was interned, but not executed. (I'm not ...


10

Admiral Kuznetsov's finest hour June 1941 was a hectic month in Moscow. More and more reports from agents, spies, military attachés, aerial and other reconnaissance, were confirming the fact that Germany prepares for an attack on the USSR in the coming days. Much was written about Stalin's indecisiveness in those days, as he was getting more and more aware ...


4

More for users on this SE since OP has not included an image, here’s the insignia: Source. As per comments, VF is Volunteer Force of the Federated Malay States. Principally for foreigners (colonialists), not locals, in four states of what is now Malaysia.


3

After reviewing the actual treaty texts, I eventually have decided that no, France was not in violation of the main naval treaties. This is despite the various blurbs from Wikipedia that I pointed out in the comments. How so? Well, let’s go through the situation and treaties and pull some threads in a linear fashion. The Washington Naval Treaty (copy at the ...


5

Two parts for the answer: Sneak attack at the beginning of the war: Pearl Harbour was the biggest sneak attack of the Japanese plan. Smaller sneak attacks included raids on Philippinese airfields. June, 22nd 1941 was a very big sneak attack over all the German-Russian front. The Luftwaffe had so much to do against Soviet air and land based assets for the ...


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