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25

This is likely to be difficult to pin down with any certainty due to the difficulty in providing anything other than approximate dates. However, the logical place to start looking is with those civilizations which first developed writing, i.e. Sumer and Egypt (Indus and Vinca might also be candidates if we were able to decipher their scripts, but so far we ...


12

Yes, that's almost certainly true. (By the strict definition of "Alphabet" at least.) There's a very good reason for it though. The invention of the alphabet happened after a highly unlikely confluence of events. First off, let's start by going over what is so special about an alphabet. You can actually categorize writing systems by how many unique ...


6

The statement The alphabet was invented only once and many of the quotes look like complete nonsense. What is usually widely accepted is that most of the scripts currently in use today have a common ancestor. Alphabet is not synonymous with writing system; there are many extant non-alphabetical writing systems, like abjads and abugidas. Egyptian ...


6

The African state of Mthethwa might count. It was a nation that existed from around 1775 to 1817 that predated the Zulu Kingdom and, as far as we know, had no formal writing system. The nation used military innovations such as the system of age regiments (amabutho) that would come to be utilized by the Zulu empire. While not as big as the Inca, it was around ...


4

According to the Guinness Book of World Records, as cited by Wikipedia's list of oldest known documents: ... the oldest surviving love poem, a balbale, in the world is of Sumerian origin and written in cuneiform, discovered in Nippur, dated to 2031 BCE, called Istanbul #2461 by archaeologists. ... Bridegroom, dear to my heart, Goodly is your beauty, ...


3

I think the answer to if Romans used desks or tables for writing depends on what they were writing and what materials they were using. The best evidence I can find of a writing table is this picture (picture source is Scala - there is a bigger image here but it has text on it): It shows "Relief depicting an orator dictating to a scribe. From the ...


1

Papyrus and parchment are both labor-intensive to make. Both materials are available from modern artisans who use traditional techniques. Since the principal cost of these writing materials is labor, current prices may be used to estimate the minimum price of materials in Roman times. Actual prices in Roman times may have been higher depending on local ...


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