Evargalo
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Are there any important biographies of nobodies?
111 votes

Louis-François Pinagot He was an illiterate shoemaker in western France in the 19th century. French historian Alain Corbin picked Pinagot at random on a town registry, and wrote his biography as a ...

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Who is this young 'Prince'?
Accepted answer
57 votes

I don't know uniforms well enough to be completely affirmative, but all your clues and the physionomy of the boy remind me of French Imperial Prince Napoleon, son of Napoleon III. He was born in ...

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Which monarch had the longest break in their reign?
40 votes

This is a little stretch from your question, but Simeon II of Bulgaria ruled as Tsar of Bulgaria from 1943 to 1946, before later serving as Prime Minister of Bulgaria from 2001 to 2005. This is an ...

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Has a sovereign Communist government ever run, and conceded loss, on a fair election?
38 votes

In the Republic of San Marino, an elected Communist-Socialist coalition government ruled from 1983 to 1988. They lost their majority when the Socialists scored badly in the 1988 elections, and the ...

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Did the ancients or other pre-industrial civilisations engage in unsustainable practices?
27 votes

Already in prehistorical times, it seems that the arrival of Human was the cause of major changes in ecosystems. Even before the rise of agriculture, the use of fire is supposed to have had a huge ...

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Does anyone recognize this signature from Lord Rayleigh's "The Theory of Sound"?
Accepted answer
24 votes

This image seems to be the signature of the editing house, the MacMillan company. You can find other versions of their logo on their wikipedia entry.

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Which monarch had the longest break in their reign?
24 votes

Vlad Tepes, 14 years Vlad III first ruled as Voïvode of Vallachia for of couple of months in 1448, then from 1456 to 1462 (after a first gap of 5 and a half years), and reclaimed his throne again in ...

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What other one word responses have been made to military ultimatums besides "Nuts!", "Mokusatsu" and "If"?
Accepted answer
22 votes

The most famous one in France is le mot de Cambronne (Cambronne's word), supposedly uttered when he was surrounded with Napoleon's Old Guard in Waterloo, June the 18th, 1815: Colville insisted and ...

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What is the source for this quote from the French Revolution?
22 votes

L’Histoire en citation mentions this quote: Donnez un verre de sang à ce cannibale : il a soif ! which I would translate as: Give a glass of blood to this cannibal: he is thirsty! It is ...

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Are there historical instances of the capital of a colonising country being temporarily or permanently shifted to one of its colonies?
20 votes

Taipei Kuomintang's Republic of China moved its capital from Chengdu (and originally, from Nanjing) to Taipei, Taiwan on 7 December 1949, after several defeats against Chinese Communists. Officially ...

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Was the option of setting up a Jewish state in defeated Nazi Germany ever considered?
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17 votes

It seems that at least some Western leaders have thought about it, but no such proposal came to the fore because Zionist and Jewish leaders were not interested at all. According to Jonathan Frankel: ...

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Is / was there ever any co-existence solution to peace with Israel that the Arab Palestinian side proposed or said would accept?
15 votes

In 2002, the leader of the Palestinian Authority Yasser Arafat said he would accept the Taba agreement in the terms put forward by President Bill Clinton 18 months earlier. Back in January 2001, the ...

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Are there historical instances of settlers who were largely uncontacted and undisturbed after settling?
14 votes

It doesn't reach the bars in the OP of 200 settlers and 3 centuries, but in case you are interested in a smaller experience, Pitcairn Island was settled in 1790 by 27 people. The community they built ...

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What was the first major historical event to be photographed?
10 votes

Funeral of prince Ferdinand Philippe d'Orléans, Paris, 3rd of August 1842 The 31 years old son and heir of France's last king, Louis-Philippe the first, died in a horse-car accident in 1842. This ...

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What is the oldest authentic example of people complaining about modern times and the young?
10 votes

You have great predecessors in your question You are not the first to notice the habit of Humans to complain about better times from the past being gone. Horace, in Ars Poetica, already called one of ...

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Which was the first civilization to ban slavery?
10 votes

It seems that the bannishment of slavery in France predates the ruling in Ragusa in the other answer by a century. Quoting @T.E.D.'s answer in a different question : King Louis X in 1315 declared ...

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When did inadequate or inaccurate maps produce important historical consequences?
8 votes

After the mutiny of the Bounty in 1789, Christian Fletcher's group of 9 mutinees and 20 abducted Tahitians decided to settle on Pitcairn Island, which had already been discovered but was wrongly ...

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Did the Inca Empire know about the Polynesians, or vice versa?
7 votes

This article by Paul Wallin in Nature, July 2020, explains a recent paper by Ioannidis et al. Their genetic study makes the case that South Americans did sail to the Marquesas Islands in the late 12th ...

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Why does Western Europe tend to have small 'in between' countries?
7 votes

In the case of Luxembourg, the country's independance was established during the early 19th century because of the strength of its main fortress in the capital, Luxembourg-ville. But not so because ...

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Were there women who were against giving women the right to vote?
5 votes

There are already several good answers, but it seems that nobody has mentioned the obvious yet: The most famous and most powerful woman in 1895 in UK (and on Earth) was Queen Victoria, aka "Her ...

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What did Flaminius bring to the Greeks?
5 votes

This is just a confirmation of T.E.D. answer, but too long for a comment. Michel de Montaigne wrote in French (when not in Latin), and the original text is available online: Quand le Roy Pyrrhus ...

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Are there confirmed cases where a country changed its language without being conquered?
4 votes

Indonesian When Indonesia got independant from Dutch after WWII, they adopted Indonesian, a variation of Malay, as the official language of their newfounded state. In 1945, when Indonesia declared ...

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What is the etymology of the word "Mehrgarh", one of the earliest Neolithic site in South Asia?
4 votes

This reportage by Pakistani newspaper Dawn hints at a Balochi etymology for the name Mehrgarh: In native Balochi, 'mehr' stands for love and 'garh' for heaven, translating Mehrgarh into ‘the heaven ...

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Where are (records of) historic wildfires?
3 votes

Besides human writings, wildfires have also been recorded in tree rings and in charcoal records from sediment deposits. For instance, studying sequoias' tree rings, a study from 2009 showed that: ...

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Were there any successful revolutions that didn't end in a totalitarian regime?
3 votes

The Carnation Revolution Many good examples have already been provided, but I would add the Carnation Revolution in 1974 in Portugal, that overthrew Salazar's authoritarian Estado Nuovo and resulted ...

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Why are there so few twins in political history?
3 votes

As a complement to other answers, Louis le Pieux, king of Franks and Western Emperor, who ruled half of Europe from 814 to his death in 840 (but for 18 months in 833-835), was born in 778 with a twin, ...

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What is the earliest known book / novel trilogy in literature?
3 votes

A famous novel trilogy is Alexandre Dumas' story about D'Artagnan, Porthos, Athos and Aramis: The Three Musketeers in 1844 Twenty Years After in 1845 The Vicomte of Bragelonne in 1847-1850 I won't ...

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Why was the spice trade so profitable in the 15th century?
3 votes

I think previous answers miss the most important reason why spices were such a valuable good, and so expensive in Europe (or China, btw). The main point is that spices were mostly consumed not for ...

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Why did the French "surrender" all of its troops during the armistice in World War II?
Accepted answer
2 votes

Tens of thousands of prisoners of war were taken between the 17th and the 22nd of June. Then Président du Conseil (Head of Government) and Chief of Armies Philippe Pétain made a huge blunder when he ...

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Was there a Japanese Exchange, à la Columbian Exchange?
2 votes

Adding to Semaphore's good answer, other products introduced in Japan were wine and opium. Wine has been imported into the archipel since the 15th century. Both wine and opium have been documented ...

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