Anixx
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Why are so many metros underground? Isn't that more expensive than an elevated system?
69 votes

In Moscow, under former mayor Yuriy Luzhkov, it was built a line (Butovo line) which is mostly elevated. I think the practice was not considered quite successful as a result. There are many drawbacks: ...

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Has there ever been a truly multi-sided war?
48 votes

You should consider the Bosnian war (in Yugoslavia) in the 1990s, there were basically three factions fighting each other: the Orthodox Christian Serbs (Serbia), the Catholic Croats (Croatia) and the ...

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Were there often intra-USSR wars? If not, why not?
45 votes

Yes, there were insurgencies, wars and inter-ethnic conflicts. Not often. First of all, the Yakut revolt which was part of the Russian civil war, lasted till June 16, 1923. The USSR was established on ...

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How did Nazi Germany finance itself during WW2?
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40 votes

I think the Great Depression was quite irrelevant for Germany in 1939 similarly to for other countries that took measures at state regulation. As for the income, Germany was a well-developed ...

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Did anyone in ancient times want to abolish slavery?
37 votes

The more I read about the ancient world, the more I come to the conclusion that there was no unified notion of slavery at all. There were multiple things (which the people of the time could ...

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Aside from the Jews, did Hitler have a final solution plan for other ethnicities/races in the Third Reich?
35 votes

For the Eastern Europe the Nazis had the Genaralplan Ost - the General Plan "East". According to this plan the large areas of Eastern Europe should be gradually Germanized, with the native inhabitants ...

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How did Greece avoid the Soviet sphere of influence?
31 votes

In Greece in 1946-1949 there was a bloody civil war between the West-supported right-wing monarchist dictatorship and the Communist rebels of Democratic Army of Greece (DSE). The government won the ...

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Was public transportation free in the Soviet Union?
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26 votes

They were not free. In 1961 there was a currency reform, so the answer is about post-1961 period. A price of ride depended on the mode of transportation. For city public transport the price varied ...

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What explanations have been given as to why the Jews were not killed in Italy?
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26 votes

It is wrong to say that Italian Jews were not exterminated. They in fact were, but only after Italy was occupied by German forces. Regarding the stance of the Italian government and fascist party, it ...

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When and how did people begin to consider slavery immoral?
25 votes

It is incorrect to perceive that there was a single concept of slavery in ancient world. The Latin word for slave, "servus" at the same time meant a servant. The concept of slavery differed very ...

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How did the Roman state verify citizenship?
24 votes

The most common document identifying a person in Ancient Rome was diploma. Diploma identified the powers of magistrates and other office holders, including the consuls. Regarding the asked question, ...

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Were there punishments in the Roman Empire for not believing in the official religion?
23 votes

Romans never believed the emperor to be god. This is a popular misconception. The emperors could be declared divine (divus) by the senate (god-like), which is not the same as being a god (deus). At ...

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Why was France granted an equal status among victors of World War II?
23 votes

Here is the map of colonial possessions by 1945: The French possessions are in blue. As you can see, France controlled a territory comparable to the US, USSR, British and Chinese. Adding them meant ...

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What was the role of the Soviet Navy during WWII?
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23 votes

Unlike Soviet ground forces the fleet was well prepared at the beginning of German invasion and did not panic or wait for orders. For example as early as August 1941 Baltic fleet air force bombed ...

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Why China was able to unify and not Europe?
22 votes

It is a wrong assumption that Europe was never unified politically. First, in ancient times the cultural development of different European peoples was very diverse. The most advanced peoples of ...

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What were the Nazi racial views on Hungarians and the Japanese?
22 votes

There was no consistent racial theory that the Nazis endorsed as somehow "official". All decisions were made on case-by-case basis depending on current situation and Hitler's personal preferences. ...

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How did Muslim traders raise investments given Islam's prohibition of usury?
22 votes

Usually islamic banks give loans for a share in the income of the business project as opposed to fixed percent of the loan sum (see mudarabah) The consumer loans may utilize another scheme: the bank ...

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In post-WW2 Soviet Union, did most people have bank accounts?
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20 votes

Did most citizens in the USSR have bank accounts? Most families had one or several bank accounts. Sometimes one account for a family was enough, but often older relatives (grandparents) wanted to ...

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What is the basis of Russian criticism of Antony Beevor's work?
19 votes

The view of Beevor as a propagandist rather than a historian is based on the following points: Use of unreliable sources Use of anecdotal evidence Use of slanderous language Use of unreliable ...

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How popular was the Soviet Union?
18 votes

What you learnt in school seems to be incorrect when compared with my knowledge of the matter (as a Russian) As far as I know, the Soviet rule was overwhelmingly popular in the USSR, except possibly ...

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What was the internal Soviet reaction to the moon landing?
18 votes

Well, the USSR did not conceal the event from the public. The official position can be described as follows: The landing once more time confirms the materialistic worldview. The American consmonauts ...

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How popular was the Soviet Union?
18 votes

This is another answer of mine based on the statistics released by the Levada Center, a leading Russian social study organization. They conducted polls on the popularity of Lenin and the USSR since ...

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Why hasn't Russia maintained significant numbers of aircraft carriers?
18 votes

The aircraft carrier is an offensive weapon; it is not very useful to protect one's own territory-- and the USSR was never planning an aggressive war. The USSR's main military preparations were for a ...

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Why did Joseph Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev and Leonid Breznev wear military uniforms when Lenin and the later Soviet leaders did not?
18 votes

I think your information is incorrect. I think Khrushchev very rarely wore military uniform when he became a leader. The son of Nikita Khrushchev tells in his memoirs http://lib.rtg.su/memor/35/84....

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What was the northernmost region/city in the Roman Empire that spoke Greek as the native language?
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16 votes

Definitely, Crimea (Chersonesos) or some place in its surrounding. Crimea's south coast was part of Roman Empire in 47 BC - 330 AD, and also a part of the Byzantine Empire later. Greek colonists ...

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Are there ways to measure "how much power did "Russia" lose when the Soviet Union broke up?"
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15 votes

There was a serious drop in GDP. The following graphic shows drop in GDP per captia for Russian Federation (not the USSR): Passengers transported by civil air transport (RSFSR compared to Russia): (...

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In the Soviet Union, how was payment enforced for public transportation?
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15 votes

In metro there were turnstiles (although in many places the turnstiles were only at entrance and you could enter freely via exit). The turnstiles accepted coins and there were also exchange machines ...

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When did the Soviet Union stop blaming the Entente for WW2?
14 votes

Well, I own the Lesser Soviet Encyclopedia (1958) and it still blames the both sides. Начавшись как агрессивная, империалистическая война между капиталистическими державами, Вторая мировая война ...

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Why did the Nazis target Jehovah's Witnesses?
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14 votes

The main problem was that they refused to participate in warfare. At one point, Himmler even suggested that they should promote this religion among the Slavs so that they wouldn't resist. But among ...

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How did Nazi Germany produce such an impressive portfolio of officers for WW2?
14 votes

To my impression this reflects systematic bias of the sources you use, possibly, sources circulating in your country and/or language. In the USSR, for example, there was no such glorification of the ...

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