Brasidas
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Baron is to Barony as Earl is to what?
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17 votes

It's an earldom. You can see here a list of them: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_earldoms

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Why did Bakht Khan switch sides in Indian War of Independence 1857?
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13 votes

For a possible reason, Encyclopædia Britannica says this about Bakht Khan (emphasis mine): Related on his mother’s side to the ruling house of Oudh (Ayodhya), which was deposed by the British in ...

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Were "Little Ship" owners and crew compensated for evacuating Dunkirk?
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12 votes

I don't think they were paid anything, at least officially. On the 14th day of May, 1940, the BBC made the following announcement: "The Admiralty have made an Order requesting all owners of ...

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What was the reason for the Dutch attack on Venezuela in 1908?
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10 votes

The reason was colonialism and trade rights. For this same reason, the Dutch had already sent a ship in 1902, along Britain, Germany and Italy. In 1908, a second Venezuelan crisis occurred. ...

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Was Alexander the Great undefeated in every battle?
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8 votes

If Alexander the Great is labelled as "one of the greatest military commanders of all time" is not because he wasn't defeated, but because his conquests. Having said that, yes, it's true: there's no ...

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Which were the four villages in Attica affected by Cleisthenes' reforms? What happened to them?
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6 votes

According to The Formation of the Greek People, by A. Jarde: The new system took no account of the old politico-religious associations, but created new cults for the new groups; of the four ...

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Were there any battles in Continental Europe that were decided by "peasants with pitchforks?"
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6 votes

In your edit you mention the Battle of the Golden Spurs, as Courtrai, its other name. Quoting the Historical significance part in Wikipedia article: The Battle of the Golden Spurs had been called ...

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What was Babur's attitude upon watching heads of his enemies stacked up forming a tower?
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5 votes

In the memoirs Babur himself wrote, the Bāburnāma, there's indeed a lot of beheading. Some examples (by no means an exhaustive list): Husain Mirza ordered that all prisoners should be beheaded; ...

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How has Catalonia ended up being so nationalist?
5 votes

There's three main factors for rise of Catalonian nationalism: 1 - Social engineering. For years, nationalist parties have controlled the Education, establishing since 1998 a monolinguistic system ...

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Why some languages uses the term "high" to refer to an early period and the world "low" to refer to a late one?
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4 votes

The Spanish Wikipedia article on the Middle Ages addresses this. La Baja Edad Media es un término que a veces produce confusión, pues procede de un equívoco etimológico entre alemán y castellano: ...

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Who are reputable historians who study ancient Greece?
4 votes

Thucydides and Xenophon. And if you can sacrifice some credibility for entertainment, Herodotus. Also, not historians but I really recommend reading Homer, Hesiod, Aeschylus, Sophocles and ...

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Where did Cimon spend his time while in exile?
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3 votes

I think I've found it: the Chersonese. Googling for "Cimon exile Attica" landed me in the Perseus site. Andocides, in On the Peace says this: Now take the days when we were fighting Euboea and ...

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Why bother attacking castles at all? Why not go around?
3 votes

Procopius of Caesarea, in his "History of the Wars", Book II of the Persian War, Chapter XIX, says this: After accomplishing a day's journey, they came upon a fortress which the Persians call ...

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Is there any documentation regarding the use of war elephants in battles?
3 votes

In the Battle of Heraclea (280 BC), Pyrrhus of Epirus used elephants decisively against the Romans. The trick for him was to use them as reserve forces. This is from the Wiki article: Unable to ...

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History of eponymous cities
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3 votes

Of course, Cyropolis, the city of Cyrus, would be a good precedent. Founded by Cyrus the Great in 544 BCE to mark the northeastern border of his Achaemenid empire. The Wikipedia article is ...

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First execution by firing squad
3 votes

Humayun, son of the first Mughal Emperor Babur, has been credited with the first execution by firing squad. Over one hundred prisoners of war were captured along with around eight war elephants. ...

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Why is it called the War of Knives?
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3 votes

The civil war on Haiti called the War of Knives (1799-1800) was fought between Toussaint Louverture and André Rigaud (basically, blacks from North Haiti versus mulattoes established in the South). ...

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Where did Vasco Núñez de Balboa first see the South Ocean?
2 votes

According to Wikipedia articles both in English and Spanish that spot was the top of a mountain. Britannica mentions “a peak in Darién” around quotes. “A peak in Darién” is also the end of a poem of ...

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Which is the first culinary book ever written?
1 votes

Not as ancient as Babylonian recipe tablets from 1700 BC, but still I think they're worth a mention. Archestratus of Gela, a "Sicilian-Greek gourmet" and poet of the 4th century BC, known as "the ...

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What were the relative contributions of oral & literary education in 5th century BCE Athens?
1 votes

About the circulation of books, in his "Lives of Eminent Philosophers" Diogenes Laertius tells this anecdote about Socrates: They relate that Euripides gave him the treatise of Heraclitus and ...

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How could one understand the essence of Greek mythology and the deep meanings? Understanding the belief system of Ancient Greeks
1 votes

The first book that comes to mind is "The Golden Bough: A Study in Comparative Religion" by James George Frazer, published in 1890. Very influential on its day, not so much today. Still, a ...

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Were there many "co-headed" commands where the senior member was younger than the junior?
1 votes

Besides the names already provided, one obvious answer would be le Grand Condé and Turenne in the Thirty Years War. Turenne was not only 10 years older than the Duc d'Enghien, but also Marshal of ...

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