I found a reference to this farman at IranicaOnline (first link) picture of a book citation.

But I can't find the source of the author (or if its authentic). Is it from an akhbar or from a biography of Aurangzeb? Its mentioned as a farman here, but I'm told that the site is not very trustworthy.

Jadunath Sarkar mentions some akhbar related to inducements for conversion, but I can't verify whether this farman is among those akhbarat (text version) enter image description here

  • 1
    The mention of Elliot is almost certainly a reference to The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians which may be one of the sources...
    – justCal
    May 17, 2017 at 21:13
  • Yes, but the reference is correct, but its for a pre-Mughal dynasty. Can't find his M.A. (Mirat-e-alam) Page 508 reference though..
    – Daud
    May 18, 2017 at 4:10
  • Then you may want an accessible version of Mirat al alam : History of Awrangzeb, 1658-1668.
    – justCal
    May 18, 2017 at 4:20
  • A page here discusses this, and shows some images of text possibly related to this passage, under entry 43:'Siyah Akhbarat-i-Darbar-i- Mu‘alla Julus (R.Yr.) 28 Jamadi I, 12 / 7th April 1685'.
    – justCal
    May 21, 2017 at 21:04
  • The text in the image is not eligible and there is no way to cross-check the reference mentioned in it. Plus, the tone of that site is polemical rather than scholarly.
    – Daud
    May 23, 2017 at 7:20

3 Answers 3


Yes. He did donate money to convert people to Islam.

Exhibit No. 43

"(The Emperor) ordered Jumadat-ul-Mulk to write to all the Faudjars and Diwans of the kingdom that each Hindu male who becomes a Musalman, is to be given Rupees four and each Hindu woman Rupees two, as fixed by us, from the treasury of the place, by way of inam.

Those who become Musalman out of devotion for Din (Islam), in their case, the award of money in future be stopped."


The amount offered as an inducement for conversion was substantial and amounted to almost one month's wages of a worker in case of a Hindu male.

The document forms one of the most unabashed statement and the severest indictment on the methods adopted in spreading Islam in India, and this was being done even more than four hundred after the establishment of Muslim rule in India (c. 1200 A.D.)!


Aurangzeb, as he was according to Mughal Records

  • 1
    Can you give me a source for this farman in any scholarly book? This image has been circulating for a while, and its difficult to verify its authenticity
    – Daud
    Aug 9, 2017 at 10:34

This is original document placed in state museum bikaner rajasthanenter image description here This is original pic of document placed at state museum bikaner rajasthan

  • @sempaiscuba and Amit: Should this be worked into the longer answer above?
    – Spencer
    May 31, 2020 at 15:29

It's practically impossible here's why: Any Hindu can come and say yes I have converted to Islam, take so called 4 Rupa and go away. How will Aurangzeb verify if that Hindu is really practicing Islam or not? I don't think Aurangzeb was that stupid.

  • 4
    The fact that it could be subverted doesn't mean that it wasn't attempted.
    – Steve Bird
    Jan 27 at 20:41

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