51 votes
Accepted

During the breakup of the Soviet Union, on what basis was citizenship granted or withheld for each of the fifteen new republics?

This question gets really complicated really fast. After the breakup, each of the former Soviet republics established its own set of laws, and then these laws were rewritten multiple times. The region ...
30 votes
Accepted

What is the small country between USSR and Mongolia in 1935?

It is Tannu Tuva. When Mongolia broke out from China in 1911, this little territory was separated from China (which was in a state of internal turmoil during the first years of the Republic of China) ...
  • 12.3k
16 votes
Accepted

Why are the capitals of central Asian countries right against the borders?

These are different capitals and each case should be treated separately. There are few generalities that need to be discussed though, which apply to all five. You are really asking about the Soviet-...
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15 votes

During the breakup of the Soviet Union, on what basis was citizenship granted or withheld for each of the fifteen new republics?

Considering the statement "post-Soviet states grant citizenship primarily on the basis of blood, and not birthplace": the two shouldn't be seen in contradiction in this case. Jus sanguinis ...
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13 votes
Accepted

What is the historical evidence for asserting Huns were one and the same as Xiongnu?

As I touched in the last paragraph of this answer, we don't really know who the Huns were. Its one of the great mysteries of history, up there with the identity of the Sea Peoples. It appears the ...
  • 111k
13 votes

Why are the capitals of central Asian countries right against the borders?

It's not just about placing capital city, it's about on how population is distributed. If you look at a population density map of Central Asia, you will see that population is mostly concentrated in ...
  • 3,376
11 votes

Who are the 'Tiursk tribe' of Central Asia?

Your link to the Jakut article holds what I would consider fairly strong evidence. The article (all emphasis mine) specifies that by features, as well as by their language, the Jakuts belong to the ...
  • 34.3k
10 votes

Who are the 'Tiursk tribe' of Central Asia?

The Russian Wikipedia article for Turkic languages is titled Тюркские языки (t-iu-r-k-s-k-i-ie ...), which imho makes it very likely that Tiursk should be read as Turk or Turkic. If you can accept ...
  • 6,181
8 votes

During the breakup of the Soviet Union, on what basis was citizenship granted or withheld for each of the fifteen new republics?

I was born in Moldova (one of the former 15 republics of the USSR). After the break of the Soviet Union my parents (one was born in Russia, the other one in Ukraine) obtained the Moldovan citizenship ...
8 votes

What is this SSR of the USSR in 1923?

Expanding on Alex's answer, that beige strip is the Khanate of Khiva and the Emirate of Bukhara, both of which had been reduced to the status of protectorates of the Russian Empire half a century ...
  • 3,376
7 votes

Did 20% of the Soviet Population use a Latin script in 1935?

You make the wrong conclusion from what the paper says: The next step in alphabet reform came at the 1926 Baku (Azerbaijan) Turkological Congress, which proposed the adoption of the Latin script ...
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6 votes

Did 20% of the Soviet Population use a Latin script in 1935?

Kazakhstan used a Latin alphabet until the Soviets forced them to use Cyrillic, the same was probably true in other central Asian countries. So it is quite likely to be true, yes. Source: I used to ...
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5 votes

What is this SSR of the USSR in 1923?

This is the Emirate of Bukhara conquered by Soviet Union n 1920. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emirate_of_Bukhara#/media/File:XXth_Century_Citizen%27s_Atlas_map_of_Central_Asia.png So if this map is ...
  • 37.5k
5 votes

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

That varied. Over time and space – and sadly for description – not ever uniformly. Trying such a broad stroke nevertheless: Until the 1940s it went up and down at the same time and this differed ...
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5 votes

How far would the average Silk Road caravan travel during the early reign of Justinian?

I originally wanted to close this as a duplicate of this question, How was security on the Silk Road between China and the West maintained?, because the primary answer answers this question as well: ...
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4 votes

What is the historical evidence for asserting Huns were one and the same as Xiongnu?

Hunnic cauldrons were the same style as the Xiongnu of the 1st century AD. People think that the Huns brought them from Mongolia, to Central Asia and Europe, where they are found. Westward migrations, ...
  • 3,242
4 votes

When did Turkic languages emerge in Central Asia?

The Xiongnu, Hephtalites and Huns may have spoken Turkic languages. However, there are a lot of uncertainties about these groups of people (are they three different groups or only one? Did the Huns ...
  • 6,181
3 votes

What is the methodogy used to determine the exact genetic flow from one area to another and the times in which it flowed?

Having just read A Short History of Humanity by Krause and Trappe, the argument seems to be as follows: You calculate a "distance" (i.e. probably some useful metric) between the genomes e.g. ...
  • 6,181
3 votes

During the breakup of the Soviet Union, on what basis was citizenship granted or withheld for each of the fifteen new republics?

In the Soviet Union every citizen had a "nationality", which was indicated in his or her identity card (internal passport). This could be Russian, or Ukrainian, or Kyrgyz, or Jewish, or any ...
  • 9,483
3 votes

Was it ever possible to see students with burka/paranji having education at the schools and universities of the Uzbek Soviet Republic?

I've done some research via available pages of relevant books on the internet. It seems that in the following years of 'attack' campaign wearing veil at the schools was strictly forbidden as a dress ...
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3 votes
Accepted

How did the Graeco-Bactrian empire come to accept Buddhism?

The question, as is, covers a long period between Alexander (d. 323 BCE) and Mahmud of Ghazni (b. 975 CE) and the ethnic and religious influence changed extensively over the period of more than a 1000 ...
  • 6,245
3 votes

What is this SSR of the USSR in 1923?

This is a map of the region from 1923:
  • 32k
3 votes

Did Western China have special-named martial arts during Islamic era?

The Mongols, the Turks, and the Turkic peoples living in Asia between them, all seem to have similar "folk wrestling" styles that tend to center on takedowns (rather than pinning or throwing out of a ...
  • 111k
2 votes
Accepted

Where did the Gabare Jahangiri Dynasty assert authority?

The Jahangiris (1190-1520), a Tajik dynasty, were the original Sultans of Swat.* They ruled in parts of modern Afghanistan and Pakistan. From The Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab: ...
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1 vote

Why are the capitals of central Asian countries right against the borders?

Short answer is: the fertile Fergana Valley, which is the demographic center, an exception, of the whole sparsely populated region of Central Asia. Long Answer: see Moishe Kohan answer!
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1 vote

Who are the 'Tiursk tribe' of Central Asia?

"Irghana-Kon" mentioned in the cited Overland to China is actually the mythical Ergenekon. And so "Tiursk tribe" should probably refer to Turkic peoples.
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1 vote

Name of a small state west of the Xiongnu and south of Wusun c. 50 A.D

I found it in my notes. It's called Wu-Shan-Mu. Curiously, "Wu Shan Mu Xiongnu" brought up no results on google. "Wu-shan-mu had close ties with the Hsiung-nu. Hu-lu-ku, ruler of the Hsiungnu (96–85 b....
  • 3,242
1 vote
Accepted

Names and Genealogy of Hephtalite rulers?

I can give you one more name for your list. The king defeated by the Turco-Sassanian alliance was Khushnavaz. Probably. The Timeline seems disputed however. Reading details on the Sassinid leader at ...
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1 vote

Was the Kara-Khanid Khanate founded by Karluks or Uyghurs?

The language of the Turkic literary works emanating from the Qara Xan empire (namely al-Kashgari and the Kutadgu Bilig) are not written in Uyghur (alias Old Turkish), but in a different branch of ...
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