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Questions tagged [1960s]

Refering to the period of 1960 A.D to 1969 A.D in the Gregorian calendar.

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Was Nixon's Vietnam claim right before the 1968 election true?

In Richard Nixon's final appeal to voters on NBC right before the 1968 Presidential Election, he made an explosive claim about the Vietnam war. Here is how the Eugene Register-Guard reported it: [...
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2answers
278 views

What is this “d-mac” device?

The only current page I found for this device is this Chinese one, which didn't clarify anything. It looks like she's digitizing a blueprint.
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1answer
145 views

What does MLK mean by “lonely island” and “vast ocean”?

In the speech, "I have a dream", M.L. King says the following: One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. What ...
6
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1answer
171 views

What's the history of the source of the slogan “power to the people”?

I can't find any detailed information on this phrase from a reasonable amount of internet searching. The current version of the wikipedia article about this slogan is light on details and very ...
6
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1answer
271 views

Is this 60's Atlanta airport security picture geniuine, and if so, what is happening here?

Following the advice I got from the user Semaphore I would like to split my original airport security question into separate parts and go into a bit more detail in regards to what I would like to know ...
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0answers
84 views

What was this security screening process in Swiss airports, circa 1970?

Following the advice I got from the user Semaphore I would like to split my original airport security question into separate parts and go into a bit more detail in regards to what I would like to know ...
14
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1answer
364 views

Did airports have security checks before the 1970s?

I just accidentally discovered a few pictures on the web, that seem to imply, that there were some sort of airport security checks on passengers all the way back in the 1960s. It was always my general ...
4
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1answer
158 views

Possible history behind photograph related to 1962 Sino-Indian War

I came across the following image in an archive of photographs related to the 1962 Sino-Indian War: I have posted a question for identification of the aircraft. The text in the archive seems to ...
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1answer
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Why did the population of Descartes, France increase by so much in the 1960's?

The population of Descartes in central France increased by upwards of 150% from 1962 to 1968 after a general negative trend over the preceding seventy years. Why was this? All I can find is that the ...
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8answers
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Why did LBJ, a staunch segregationist, champion and sign the 1964 Civil Rights Bill?

Lyndon B. Johnson with regards to the 1964 Civil Rights Act.. From the Atlantic The times called for a leader who could subdue the vast political and administrative forces arrayed against change—...
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5answers
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When Israel won the Six Day War, did they consider expelling all Arabs from the annexed territories?

Did Israel consider doing this and if so, would that have been in violation of international law?
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2answers
462 views

Why didn't Pakistan try to wrest Kashmir from India in 1962 but tried to do so in 1965?

In 1962, India and China fought a war in a region east of Bhutan where the two countries shared a border. Am I right? And, in that war, the Indian army was totally outclassed by the Chinese, something ...
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3answers
372 views

During the Berlin Blockade, why didn't the people in West Berlin just go over to buy food in East Berlin?

It wasn't until 1961 that the Berlin Wall that was set up, what was to prevent the West Berliners from going over to the east?
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1answer
103 views

Is there a difference between original 1768-71 and 1968-71 facsimile of 1st edition Encyclopaedia Brittanica

I was browsing a second hand book store and stumbled upon a 1968 facsimile of the 1768 1st edition Encyclopaedia Brittanica. I am aware that a facsimile is an exact replica, but I still assumed that ...
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2answers
209 views

On the eve of the Democratic Republic of the Congo's independence, the country had virtually zero doctors, or any other intellectuals?

Even Patrice Lumumba was educated at the level of a clerk. So why did the pioneers of the independence movement think that the newly independent country would succeed? Follow up: Is this trend ...
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1answer
195 views

Was it normal for New York schools in the late 1960s to be desegregated?

I am currently researching late 1960s America in order to being writing a story. The story is set in 1966 in New York. So were schools (specifically Middle Schools) in New York desegregated by this ...
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1answer
293 views

Why is/was the world's expo 1967 so important to Montreal, Canada?

Although I have read Wikipedia's article on Expo Montreal 1967, I haven't been able to figure out why Expo 1967 still continues to strike an emotional chord in Canadians some 45 years after the event. ...
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1answer
147 views

Who coined the term “Golden Age” in reference to musical theatre?

Typically, the Golden Age of Broadway/Musical Theatre is considered to have taken place from the 1940s to the 1960s (some definitions are more specific, citing something like 1943 to 1959). It was ...
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1answer
510 views

How many factories (heavy industry) did the US have in 1960? [closed]

How many heavy industrial factories did the US have in 1960? This would include all vehicle factories (car, train, bulldozer, marine vessels, aircraft). It would also include steelmaking and other ...
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1answer
88 views

Trying to identify this famous person. Young Johnny Unitas?

I was told by a friend that it looked like a young Johnny Unitas
11
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3answers
723 views

Who are all the people in this photo of the signing of the Civil Rights Act, 1964?

I've been trying to figure this out for a while, and it's really bugging me. Seeing Robert F. Kennedy (if I'm right) in the background there made me really curious about everyone else around Lyndon ...
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2answers
354 views

Computer business in 1969

Mad Men, season 7, episode 4, describes the computer business in 1969 as follows. IBM would lease computers to businesses, but would do so only for short leases, and would replace them with newer ...
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0answers
226 views

Did Martin Luther King's political outlook change during the civil rights movement?

From the Montgomery bus boycott to his death in 1968, Martin Luther King always used nonviolence as a strategy. Did his political outlook change (and why) throughout the civil right movement until ...
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1answer
113 views

What alternatives to working was proposed in Paris during May, 1968? [closed]

What ideas for alternatives to work, or a society where people work to survive, did people have during May 1968 in Paris? How could that society function and how could people feed themselves? I've ...
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2answers
624 views

Why did the USSR switch from 1524 mm gauge to 1520 mm gauge in the late 1960's?

This article mentions that Russia started with a 1,524 mm rail gauge, and in the sixties and seventies, switched to a 1,520 mm rail gauge with tighter tolerances. Why do this? If you want tighter ...
7
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1answer
413 views

What happened in Calcutta in 1961?

I was watching a clip of the American flag being raised in Havana for the embassy re-opening since closing in 1961. There were some retired Marines there who were there when the flag was taken down. ...
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3answers
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Was violent or nonviolent protest more effective in the context of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement?

Was violent or nonviolent protest more effective in the context of the 1960s Civil Rights Movement? It seems like a simple question, but on further examination it is a challenge to discern. The ...
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1answer
225 views

What is “Egyptland” in the context of the 1960s black civil rights movement in the US?

Title of Chapter 10 of MLK book From Civil Rights to Human Rights. Egyptland is the name of chapter 10, and I was wondering why this might be and what it is referring to. Thanks for your help!
4
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1answer
513 views

Did John F. Kennedy know about his judicial nominee's racism?

[Source:] On June 20, 1961, Cox was nominated by President John F. Kennedy to a new seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi created by 75 Stat. 80. [...] ...
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1answer
68 views

What were John Profumo's responsibilities as the Secretary of State for War in Macmillan's government?

Although I've found that "Profumo's responsibility was the Army, and his principal preoccupation was helping to recruit and establish a regular volunteer Army after the abolition of conscription" (The ...
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2answers
280 views

What was Lester B. Pearson's motivation for instituting Canada's 40 hr. work week?

Back in the 1960s, Lester B. Pearson instituted Canada's 40-hour work week as well as 2 weeks vacation and a new minimum wage. However, his motivations for doing so at that time are not clear to me. ...
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1answer
3k views

Where is (or was) Project HARP's Yuma Arizona space gun?

I found myself reading about Project HARP, the High Altitude Research Project, which was a project funded to explore the possibility of creating high speed guns that could essentially replace certain ...
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1answer
207 views

How different were Labour and Conservative party lines on race immigration and empire in around 1962?

Though obviously I want responses to focus on concrete answers and evidence for the title question, I am ultimately interested in how likely it would have been for the 1962 Commonwealth Immigration ...
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6answers
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What was the hippie movement? Why did it decline? [closed]

When we look back at 1960s-1970s, many times we come across the term 'Hippie movement' or 'Counter-Culture'. Hippies were described as people who made themselves stand out from the rest of the world. ...
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2answers
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How wealthy was Singapore at its independence (1965)?

According to this article Is Singapore the Perfect Country for Our Times? Singapore's defining achievement is summed up in the title of its longtime leader Lee Kuan Yew's memoir, From Third World ...
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1answer
517 views

What actions did the KKK take against miscegenation after 1967?

Although the racial attitudes of the (third) KKK are well known, I haven't been able to find much about actions, demonstrations or speeches by the KKK against the repeal of anti-miscegenation laws in ...
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3answers
566 views

Is the position of women as portrayed in the Mad Men series historically accurate?

I found similar questions about a game (closed as off topic), a play (7 upvotes) and a movie (9 upvotes) so I am unsure if this is an acceptable question for this SE. In the Mad Men series, which ...
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3answers
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How did Castro gain control over the Cuban military and police?

The Cuban revolution was won by only a few hundred revolutionaries. But to run a state, especially an undemocratic one, you need to have control over the monopoly on violence. But enforcing a ...