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Questions tagged [government]

Describes the administrative institution for a political state. The government is responsible for fundamental concerns of security, economic stability, public infrastructure, diplomacy amongst other state actors and variety of societal concerns.

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Revolutions: which side does the nation's military join? [closed]

Historically, when there has been a notably significant revolution to overthrow the standing government, does the military typically defend the government or join the revolutionists?
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How did Hitler imagine his succession? (for the case nazis would win the war)

I am not asking about any resolution he might have made in the feverish April of 1945. Do we have any information how Hitler imagined the government of his Reich after he would have died from old ...
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Longest lasting government [closed]

The other week, my political science professor asserted in class that the United States is the longest-running stable government. I brought this up with my philosophy professor though, and he said ...
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Has an individual ever purchased an entire country?

At any point in history, has an individual ever purchased an entire country - using their private wealth? Specifically, I'm looking for any examples of somebody who has purchased an entire already-...
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Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch?

Has there ever been a peaceful overthrow of a dictator or monarch? By peaceful I mean without assassination, military coup, major violent protests, killing of civilians, war, etc. The closest thing I ...
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Which air minister said (before or during WW2) that parachute troops are just a circus?

In Chapter 32, Airborne Forces of Liddell Hart (ed), The Soviet Army, Kurt Student says, after noting the abscence of paratroop involvment in the invasion of Poland (p. 378), that `Parachute troops ...
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1answer
127 views

What were Catherine the Great's orders to von Böhm?

In about 1773, Catherine the Great appointed Magnus Karl von Böhm (or Behm, depending on the roundtrip transliteration) governor of Kamchatka. The peninsula had been pacified and the natives were ...
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In Britain, what was the “Junior Service” in 1913?

I read a marriage notice from 1913, which noted that the father of the groom "has four sons abroad, three having served with distinction in the junior Service". (West Sussex Gazette, Thu 13 Feb 1913, ...
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What is the title of a medieval mayor?

In the medieval/renaissance era what is the title of a person who runs a city in his king's kingdom? Like he isn't the king but he serves him by running the city. I think they could be called a ...
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Guadalupe Victoria's headquarters

Mexico had a Provisional Government in 1823-1824, after the end of the First Mexican Empire. Guadalupe Victoria, a member of the governing triumvirate and the subsequent president, received an ...
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215 views

Has a small group ever made or attempted a false flag against a government?

I think it's common for governments to make false flags against small groups, but has it ever happened the other way? Has some small militia or some other civilian group made some attack and ...
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221 views

Did other American empires also fall to the Europeans?

Since forever, people have subjugated each other to demand labor or resources. A monarchic or centralized power that subjugates several other peoples is an empire. Half a dozen European empires ...
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Has bad government interventions in the economy ever resulted in unexpectedly good outcomes for the industry?

In the business world, people have talked about the role of serendipity or luck in a firm's success. Is there something similar for the success of a government's economic policy? More specifically, ...
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Is there a list of bills in the reign of George III & onwards?

I am researching the history of trackways, canals mines and railways from the reign of George 3rd through to the end of Queen Victoria’s reign. Is there a list of all bills presented to Parliament ...
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What was Rousseau' point in “The Social Contract ”?

What point was Rousseau trying to make in "The Social Contract"? I know that it has to do with a contract between the people. I have read The Social Contract. It is very hard for me to understand. I ...
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Typology and the cause of difference between European medieval kingship?

Western Medieval Catholic kings and nobility in Britain, France, Spain and Portugal, Italy, Germany and Austria share certain distinctive common features that can be summed under the term of vassalage ...
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Was Transylvania autonomous within Hungary before 1526?

Transylvania is presented in Romanian historiography in parallel with the other two "Principalities" with which it ended up united in the 20th century - Wallachia and Moldavia. These two had been ...
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283 views

Apart from Australia, has a serving head of government or state disappeared without trace?

In December 1967, then-serving prime minister of Australia, Harold Holt, disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach, Victoria. His body was never found, though an inquest held much later stated that ...
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Was the United States meant to be a confederation of states?

I read the Constitution, and, if I recall correctly, no members of the Federal government were to be elected by the common people according to the original documents. Governors, however, were elected ...
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How do totalitarian states/empires usually fall?

How do totalitarian states/empires usually fall? Are there cases or plausible where these states fall without it necessarily being invaded or face a rebellion? When i say fall, i mean the move from ...
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1answer
203 views

Who governed London during the Great Plague?

Im writing a story for a game and I want to try to make it as accurate as possible. To this end, I can't seem to find who governed London, England, during the time of the Great Plague. So who governed ...
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2answers
291 views

What kind of ID Number, if any, did the Soviets institute for all their citizens?

In the United States, every citizen has a social security number for income purposes. It's a 9-digit number. This began in 1935, though I was surprised to learn from wikipedia that until 1986, most ...
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1answer
566 views

What percent of the US Federal Budget was spent on WW2?

From 1941 Dec 7 to 1945 May 8, what percent of the US Federal Budget was spent on the war? I would like to compare this to today's military spending, which according to this paragraph in wikipedia, is ...
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2answers
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What was the sentiment regarding government control of railroads in Gilded-Age America?

I know this is a bit of a broad question, but what did leading thinkers and the American public think about government control of railroads as they were coming into widespread use post-Reconstruction? ...
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3answers
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Which lover of a Russian Empress obtained the highest rank?

There were numerous well-known male lovers of Russian Empresses, particularly those of Catherine the Great. Such a role often meant receiving sumptuous gifts such as beautiful apartments, the status ...
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In the governments of the Reconstruction South, were Blacks in government always under the control of Whites?

I believe that in most cases they were figureheads but were there any examples of an African-American leader who actually was at least partially effective in state government? EDIT: It is clear that ...
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Was there a time when a Senator was wheeled in from the hospital to cast a deciding vote not to do something?

I remember hearing a story about a Senator who cast the deciding vote not to impeach Andrew Johnson, even though he despised Andrew Johnson, because he didn't think Johnson was guilty and it would set ...
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179 views

Thought Crimes in History [closed]

Has there ever been anywhere at any point in history a law criminalizing certain thoughts? I mean a law that says that the thinking of certain thoughts is illegal. I don't mean a law that says that ...
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What were the ranks in the Army of Imperial Spain?

At the time of the Latin American wars of independence, the Imperial Spanish army employed men in ranks like Capitán (captain), Sargento (sergeant) and so on, between the King and the lowliest ...
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1answer
580 views

Do any churches continue to display length measures?

In 864, Charles the Bald issued what is today known as the Edict of Pistres. One of his demands was that copies of the standards of measurements (e.g. versions of a foot) were to be displayed on the ...
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1answer
147 views

Was Yertle the Turtle by Dr. Suess really banned? [closed]

Many say that Yertle the Turtle by Dr. Seuss was banned for reasons of early marxism. Is that true?
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381 views

Why and when did countries develop long names that include the form of government?

Every country has different names, for example “China” vs “People's Republic of China”. But when I look back into history I see that countries in the past only had one name. For example the ancient ...
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80 views

Why did PvdA and not KVP provide the prime minister in the Kabinet Drees-Van Schaik (1948-1951), despite KVP being the largest party?

In the Dutch General Election, 1948, the largest party was KVP with 32 seats. Second was PvdA with 27 seats. Normally the largest party provides the prime minister. Yet in the folowing KVP-PvdA-CHU-...
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What are some government expenditure reports from the Middle ages?

I'm curious to see how much money went where in the medieval governments of Europe, but I'm not even sure where to start looking.
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When the king was away, did their queens sign Acts of Parliament on their behalf?

I'm actually referring to a circumstance in the event that they are joint sovereigns. Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon, Mary I of England and Philip II of Spain, and William III and Mary II ...
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700 views

The allure of totalitarianism/ communism/ fascism [closed]

In the 1930s there was a rise of totalitarianism whether fascism or communism such as Hitler's Germany, Mussolini's Italy, and Stalin's Soviet Union What would've been the allure of totalitarianism ...
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Which immigrants became elected officials in an acquired language? [closed]

With some exceptions, candidates up for election are usually natural born citizens that are native speakers of the government's language. With the exception of the first generation of leaders in ...
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1answer
56 views

Who accompanied Canónigo Fernández to Mexico City in 1822?

After Iturbide became President of an independent Mexico, the Canónigo Don Agustín Fernández de San Vicente was sent to Alta California to support the transition from Spanish rule and to relieve the ...
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2answers
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In multimember constituencies of the House of Commons, how many votes did each voter have?

From the 1200s until the 1900s, seats in the Commons were elected in multimember -- primarily two-member -- constituencies. How many votes did enfranchised voters get in these elections? Did the ...
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1answer
217 views

What was the voting mechanism in early elections to the Commons?

From the 1200s in England, counties and towns sent two representatives to Parliament. Sheriffs ran the local elections, in which voters were enfranchised by being freeholders or potwallopers. ...
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2answers
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Were UK Parliamentary constituencies ever altered before 1832?

Seats in the House of Commons orginally represented boroughs and towns. The Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 altered the district map by eliminating some boroughs and changing the number of seats in ...
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249 views

What was the process by which the modern border control system developed? [duplicate]

I know that today, if I take a cruise of the Mediterranean, then each time the boat stops in a new country, and I wish to go ashore and see the sites, that I will need to have appropriate ...
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3answers
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Why did Franklin Roosevelt promote Nazi sympathizer/eugenicist Frederick Osborn to high levels of office?

Many civil rights leaders alleged that, even after the revelation of genocide in World War II, eugenic influences remained strong in the United States because of Osborn and others of the Population ...
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174 views

Were there any elections in the First French Empire?

I know Napoleon's senate was appointed, but what about the lower house? Were there political factions like in the first republic?
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325 views

How were the prime ministers of Japan selected during the Taisho era?

During the Taisho era in Japan, how was the Prime Minister selected? Were they appointed by the Emperor? elected by the Diet? chosen by the Privy Council? I'm finding lots of information on how ...
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4answers
569 views

Has there ever been a war between members of a personal union?

A personal union occurs when two otherwise independent states (each with their own territories, governments, etc.) come to share the same monarch. Has it ever come to pass that two member states of a ...
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2answers
519 views

When and how did the presidents of states became governors in the U.S.A?

In the earliest days of the U.S.A., the heads of the governments of some of the states were called governors and those of some states were called presidents (hence the U.S. Constitution refers to the "...
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1answer
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Does government play a genuinely significant role in history, or is it simply a tool for interest groups to apply force on their behalf? [closed]

Has government ever played a truly significant role in historical events, or does it mostly rubberstamp things that nongovernmental entities would do anyway? After all, Manorialism was a social ...
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192 views

Any sources on day to day governance in the ancient world? [closed]

EDIT: I've been asked to make this question simpler so here is my best attempt: I'm looking for sources, either primary, secondary, or even good pieces of historical fiction, that deal with the daily ...
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184 views

System of Government where the Same Family Cannot Inherit

I have been trying to find evidence of a system of government where one of the principles it works on would be to hinder the creation of effective political families (thereby allowing people to ...