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Questions tagged [nazism]

Nazism, from German Nazi, as abbreviation of National Sozialismus, is a totalitarian ideology of the German NSDAP party, led by Adolf Hitler. The consequence of adopting this ideology was the World War II and the Holocaust.

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What are the key differences in the demographics and support base of DNSAP in Austria compared to Germany before Anschluss?

During the interwar years, the DNSAP in Czechoslovakia comprised a more varied group of members compared to their German counterparts. This was due to the party's nationalistic stance in ...
user1258481's user avatar
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Who were these Nazi bishops?

Who were the Nazi bishops shown at 00:23 and 00:32 in this video?
Geremia's user avatar
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Did Rommel commit anything that would later have been considered a war crime?

As I understand it Rommel was executed, or forced to commit suicide (same thing really) because he defied Hitler who ordered him to kill Allied POWs. A nazi war general getting executed because of ...
Neil Meyer's user avatar
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What exactly was the position of ‘Party Minister’ assigned to Martin Bormann in Hitler’s will?

In Hitler’s last will and testament, he assigns all the different offices and functions prior to that held by him and the members of his cabinet to new office-holders-Dönitz became Reichpresident, ...
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Why were the workers opposed to Hitler becoming the chancellor of Germany near the end of the Weimar republic?

I just started reading " The rise and fall of the third Reich " by Shirer and came across paragraph stating a hundred thousand workers opposed Hitler becoming the chancellor. If Hitler was ...
Shadow Nik's user avatar
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What events or situations of WW1 led to a Nazi fascination with Anglo-Saxon powers?

In the book Hitler, a world biography of Brendan Simms, it is said that Hitler and Nazi leaders were fascinated by the "power of the anglo-saxon countries". It is also mentionned that this ...
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Did Nazi propaganda about the USSR change after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact?

I'm well-aware that Soviet propaganda completely changed its orientation after the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, starting a much more positive portrayal of the Nazis in many aspects up until the German ...
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Did Nazi Germany ever actually make it illegal to practice Judaism?

While I appreciate that the Nazis tried to portray their anti-Semitism as based on racial, and not religious differences per se, and I understand that if one converted to Judaism, one would be ...
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How could Stutthof's inmates reach Palmnicken?

There's a Palmnicken Massacre section in Polish article about Stutthof concentration camp (not available in English version). It says (translation mine): The female prisoners of the sub-camps were ...
trejder's user avatar
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Why did Nazis burn 628 Belarusian villages to the ground?

In the movie Come and See, near the end it writes "628 Belarusian villages were burnt to the ground with all their inhabitants". I knew that the Nazis wanted to kill all of the Jews and ...
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How was the term "global" popularized by Nazi Germany?

I am reading Theories of Culture by Arnold Groh that states the following about Nazi Germany: When we speak of cultures in the plural, imbalance of dominance often comes to bear, as some ...
A Dark Divided Gem's user avatar
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Did anyone ever escape Nazi Germany through KdF trips?

I'm studying Nazi Germany in school and am learning about the Kraft durch Freude organisation. I've learned that, to improve worker's leisure time, the Nazis would sponsor cruises and holidays to ...
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How many visits did the Mitford sisters or Oswald Mosley make to Nazi Germany?

The youngest Mitford sister, Unity, first met Hitler in Munich 1934, who invites her older sister Diana over to meet him in April 1935. Sometime in 1935 Unity delivers the televised speech at ...
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Why would the Gestapo help Jews to escape? [closed]

This history.com article says Passage was a terrifying ordeal. Jews congregated in fishing towns, then hid on small boats, usually 10 to 15 at a time. They gave their children sleeping pills and ...
AGamePlayer's user avatar
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Why did the number of Nazis in the Bundestag increase significantly in 1953?

Looking at the list of former Nazi party members who were politically active after '45, we can see that there was a significant increase in '53 (from 17 to 45, so almost three times as many). That is ...
tim's user avatar
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What were Nazi policies around converts to Judaism?

While Judaism is not a missionary religion, it is possible to convert to Judaism. I can only assume (although I've not found any sources on this), that practicing converts were treated like any other ...
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How has the slogan "Bis in den Tod, Rot-Weiss-Rot" been used before and after the Anschluss, and in modern times?

I am curious about Austrian slogan "Bis in den Tod! Rot-Weiss-Rot! Österreich!", usually rendered in English as "Red-White-Red until we are dead!", where "Red-White-Red" ...
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What does this acronym and the symbol in the middle represent?

One of my Polish friends just bought a ruined old brick house in a village in Poland, which was supposedly reigned by Germany during the second world war (I didn't ask the name nor the location of the ...
KratosMath's user avatar
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3 answers
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Did the Balkans campaign delay Operation Barbarossa for the Nazis and was it therefore an important reason why they lost against the Soviets in WWII?

I have heard it previously that the Balkans Campaign delayed Operation Barbarossa, but I found out that Antony Beevor wrote in his 2012 book "the Second World War" the following: Hitler was ...
Smartpants42's user avatar
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2 answers
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Does the idea of white Europeans being the "true Aryans" come from the British India? [closed]

I have recently had a conversation with a man from India over the Internet and he told me this interesting claim. He said that "Aryan" meant "noble" in Sanskrit, and the British, ...
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Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement?

Why did Western democracies sign the Munich Agreement with Nazi Germany when they knew the nature of Nazi regime? What did they want to obtain by signing this agreement? In 1938/1939, two pacts/...
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During the WWII, did the German Luftwaffe ever have mixed units of Bf-109s and Me-262s, and if so, which units and/or which airfields?

I have much information regarding the contemporary piston-engined Bf-109 units, as wells as the more advanced Me-262 units. However, I am wondering if any of these planes served together in the same ...
Josh's user avatar
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Was Swastika a universally-recognized symbol of fascism as early as 1925?

In the Soviet sci-fi film "Napoleon Gas" of 1925, there is a secret society, called "Fascist Order Black Klan" in the United States. The order's uniform seems to be similar to that ...
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What was G. K. Zipf's opinion of the Nazis?

Zipf was a professor of German at Harvard. he is credited with inventing the rank size rules that suggested that of we rank many different sets of objects from big to small, they follow a power law. ...
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What was the extent of military conscription by the German Army during World War 2? [closed]

I have three questions about this that I hope people can help me out with: How many soldiers were conscripted in total (in all countries)? What was punishment like if you refused? How many conscripts ...
Supercreature's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
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Request for information about an Auschwitz-Birkenau story

Two months ago, I visited Auschwitz, and our guide told us a story during the tour: In Auschwitz-Birkenau, there was a place intended for the Jews to sleep that had a drawing of a few kids ...
dev's user avatar
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1 answer
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Did Hitler and Nazi officials give interviews and cooperate with the Weimar republic general press?

Politicians often purposely avoid being interviewed by journalists based on numerous arguments and if they do get interviewed they might ensure to film the interview with their own crew to expose ...
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2 answers
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What language did Nazi German occupying forces speak in France?

I am watching the TV series "Das Boot", playing in La Rochelle in occupied France during the second world war. Partially, the German occupying forces are speaking English when working together with ...
Lukas D. Sauer's user avatar
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Was Rudolph Hess a moderating influence on Hitler?

Looking at the War Diary of General Franz Halder, on page 114 of Volume VI., concerning General Halder's activities on 13th May 1941, it states:- Radke: a) Rudolf Hess affair. Political blow of ...
Agent Orange's user avatar
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What did Hitler say in Mein Kampf about the possibility of other nations allying against Germany in response to her aggression?

In Mein Kampf as well as in Zweites Buch, Adolf Hitler advocates the idea of securing Lebensraum ("living space") at the expense of other nations in wars of aggression. His substantiation, as far as I ...
Mitsuko's user avatar
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3 answers
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Why did the Nazis collaborate with the Ustaše?

The Croats are linguistically, ethnically and culturally a Slavic people. While the Ustaše did not see themselves as such, why did the Nazis choose to collaborate with what was essentially a ...
Student's user avatar
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Why were the British Union of Fascist outfits so bad compared to the Nazis? [closed]

Looking at Oswald Mosley's fascists "blackshirts", it struck me that the tailoring on their costumes was quite bad compared to their German counterparts. Photos I've seen look like black boiler suits ...
zooby's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
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What was the consequence of Gestapo being declared a criminal organization in the Nuremberg trials in 1945?

As read in Wikipedia's article on Gestapo: Between 14 November 1945 and 3 October 1946, the Allies established an International Military Tribunal (IMT) to try 22 major Nazi war criminals and six ...
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When and why have the Neo-nazi view of Slavic peoples changed?

Hitler's views on Slavs were unambiguous. He considered them to be Untermensch and wanted them exterminated so that Germans could take their place. For more on Hitler's hostility to the Slavs, see ...
Gaslight Deceive Subvert's user avatar
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4 answers
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Was WW2 necessary for Germany economically?

Many point to improvements in Germany's economy that took place under Hitler prior to WW2. To a certain extent, some of this must have been attributable to theft of Jewish property and the jobs in ...
releseabe's user avatar
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What exactly do eyewitness testimonies say about Hitler's behavior during the Munich Putsch?

To be more specific, I'm wondering if I can find any primary statements from the people who accompanied Hitler on the street where 16 National Socialists were gunned down by the police; this is the ...
bushg962's user avatar
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1 answer
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Was Ludwig von Mises a holocaust survivor? [closed]

Von Mises left Europe to avoid the Nazis. Does that make him a Holocaust Survivor?
Harley C.'s user avatar
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3 answers
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How does a heraldic eagle become a nazi symbol?

The Heraldic Eagle, or Reichsadler is still to this day used as the coat of arms of the German empire. Its use in the coat of arms, and on German symbolism generally picture an eagle with curved wings ...
Arthur Attout's user avatar
41 votes
3 answers
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How were concentration and extermination camp guards recruited?

I'm interested in knowing how the Nazi regime went about hiring the guards and other camp personnel who did the dirty work. Were they screened for sadism, callousness, obedience, or some other trait ...
EvilSnack's user avatar
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22 votes
2 answers
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Why did other German political parties disband so fast when Hitler was appointed chancellor?

Not long after Hitler was appointed chancellor, opposition groups began to shut down. He, of course, had already criminalised the Communist KPD and alleged sympathisers, but I was astonished to learn ...
Bob Tway's user avatar
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10 votes
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What is the earliest example of the usage of 'Nazis' to refer clearly and exclusively to the National-Socialists?

The term 'Nazi' is now commonly explained as being an abbreviation of 'National-Socialist'. That was not always the case. The use of the term Nazi is a well-established convention in English. It ...
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How did attitudes of German citizens toward Hitler and the Nazi Party change over the course of the pre-war and the post-war periods?

The March 1933 federal election was the final democratic election before WWII – in which the Nazi party received 43.91% of the vote. I'm curious how quickly the attitudes of ordinary German citizens ...
dwjohnston's user avatar
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To what degree is Simone Weil correct in arguing that the third Reich under Hitler was merely a revival of imperial Rome?

Simone Weil wrote in her book, The Need for Roots: The Romans were really an atheistic and I idolatrous people, not idolatrous with regards to images made of stone and bronze, but idolatrous with ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
113 votes
2 answers
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Did Adolf Hitler ever address the fact that his own appearance was almost an exact opposite of what he considered the ideal Aryan appearance?

Hitler's ideal Aryan / Nordic appearance was: tall, blond, blue eyed, broad shouldered. Hitler's own appearance was: short, dark haired, brown eyed, slight and slumpy shoulders. And most of the Nazi ...
Joe C's user avatar
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15 votes
4 answers
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Did the Nazis identify as being Fascists? How exactly did they view themselves?

In the 1920s, Italy established the National Fascist Party (Italian: Partito Nazionale Fascista, PNF ) Hitler adopted much from his Italian allies including their fascist ideals. Even the infamous ...
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1 answer
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Why the European Union choose to use a Nazi flag? [closed]

I wonder why the EU uses a Nazi flag like the one from this picture? Source: https://qph.fs.quoracdn.net/main-qimg-32598a7f739cbfe57c03e4011891984b
Anixx's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who made this violent speech in the documentary De Nuremberg à Nuremberg?

In F. Rossif's documentary De Nuremberg à Nuremberg at some point you can hear a pretty violent and aggressive speech (begins at 25:19 and ends up at 25:44) from which I could hardly understand things ...
Seb's user avatar
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11 votes
1 answer
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What transit restrictions were in place in Occupied Germany limiting military and civilian movement between the four occupation zones?

Question What provisions or restrictions (civil and/or military) were in place in the summer of 1945 which governed movement between the four partitioned zones of occupation (British, American, ...
Kerry L's user avatar
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7 votes
2 answers
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Who were the "international statesmen" Hitler referenced in his last will as having started the war?

Having reread Hitler's last will, I was astonished by the complete lack of self-awareness or perhaps some very early onset of Alzheimer's, for example, when he writes that It is untrue that I or ...
hyportnex's user avatar
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13 votes
2 answers
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What oath did medical students take in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945?

The World Medical Association responded to Nazi medical atrocities not by reasserting the time-tested Hippocratic oath, but by asserting a new modern oath, subject to change every 10 years. Source: ...
Kerry L's user avatar
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