Questions tagged [ethnicity]

For questions relating to the ethnicity and nations, incl. historic policies regarding these concepts.

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How common were ethnically mixed villages in pre-WWII Czechoslovakia?

I was trying to find out whether the treaties that determined the post-war borders of Czechoslovakia were partly motivated as a punishment for the history of oppression by the German and Hungarian ...
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Were there any attempts at a federation or commonwealth to save Austria-Hungary from breaking up after ww1?

As known, the population of Austria-Hungary was made up of 11 major ethnic identities.. When the war ended, A-H broke up as it was instead of forming a new federation of Austria, Hungary with an ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why does Retsö claim that only members/clients of Arabian tribes were considered "real Muslims" in the Umayyad Caliphate before 750?

In his book "The Arabs in Antiquity: Their History from the Assyrians to the Umayyads", Professor Jan Retsö writes: The conflicts were aggravated by the fact that the tribes identified the ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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When and why have the Neo-nazi view of Slavic peoples changed?

Hitler's views on Slavs were unambiguous. He considered them to be Untermensch and wanted them exterminated so that Germans could take their place. For more on Hitler's hostility to the Slavs, see ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Were there cases where an ethnic newspaper had the highest circulation in a country?

Were there cases where a locally-published newspaper catering to, and read by an ethnic minority group had a circulation exceeding that of any other newspaper in a country? Examples: Fictional ...
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Are there recommended practices for writing about oppressed peoples?

This question is about responsible historiography. History as written by winners tends to devalue and misrepresent the experiences of subordinate groups (see Textbooks: Zinn People’s History; Labour: ...
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1 vote
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In view of the widespread use of the term "Semitic", which groups of people are classified as being of Hamitic ethnicity? [closed]

I am aware of the curse of Ham. It is a myth deriving from Abrahamic religions. It was used as moral justification by European and Arab slave traders. The etymology of the word Ham is associated ...
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4 answers
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Are the Sabean people of Cushitic or Ethiopian origin?

The Sabeans are widely acknowledged to be of Semitic or south Arabian origin. Historical sources like Josephus Flavius and sections of the Bible seem to create conflicts about their origin. There is ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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How likely would it have been for a rural Bohemian to encounter someone with darker skin?

Recently a new video game was released called Kingdom Come: Deliverance, claiming to be a somewhat authentic representation of life in medieval Bohemia. However at the same time the game has courted ...
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6 votes
2 answers
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What do we currently know about the ethnic origins of Jews? [closed]

Putting aside the Old Testament, which details a story (perhaps true) of the origins of peoples including Jews, what has anthropology and genetics revealed so far about the origins of Jews? When did ...
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When the Chinese were driven out of modern Vietnam in AD 938, did an Vietnamese ethnic identity already exist?

With some periods of interruption, China dominated Vietnam for more than 10 centuries between 111 BC and 938 AD. This wikipedia article and its subsidiary links spoke of sinification and shifting of ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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How were ethnographic maps in the 19th century made?

Ethnographic maps are visual representations of the ethnic make up of particular regions. Usually multicultural regions which are controlled by an empire. Here are some examples of ethnographic maps:...
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Who was the first Russian woman to live in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky?

Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky is a port city on the Pacific Ocean. The indigenes in its location were Itelmen (Kamchadals). Today its population was dominated by ethnic Russians, but in the mid-18th ...
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5 votes
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Was the factional civil war that broke out in Angola after its independence in 1975 based on tribal rivalry?

Was the factional civil war that broke out in Angola after its independence from Portugal in 1975 primarily based on tribal rivalries. (with an ideological cover)?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Which lame moor was the namesake of Rancho Moro Cojo?

Governors of Mexican Alta California granted ranches to well-connected petitioners. One such piece of land near Elkhorn Slough was called Rancho Moro Cojo (Lame Moor Ranch), granted in 1825 by ...
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33 votes
7 answers
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When did Germans begin to call themselves "Deutsche"?

Up to 1871, ancestors of today's Germans lived in different states. What did they call themselves in those times? What did Germans call themselves in the 18th century? Did they call themselves "...
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3 answers
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What is the origin of the American stereotypes about Swedish women?

After living in USA for over some years I have come to notice that Swedish women are at times portrayed like sexually "free-wheeling" or "liberated", i.e. as persons for who willingly go without ...
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Which people resisted Russian expansion most fiercely?

The Russian Empire's expansion towards the east and south meant conquering lots of local tribes along the way (Buryats, Yakuts, etc.). These peoples unwillingly became ethnic minorities in Russia. ...
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31 votes
2 answers
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Were there ethnic Russians in Alaska when the US purchased it 1867? Did they stay?

How many ethnic Russians, or inhabitants with recent roots in Russia, were there in Alaska when US bought it? Were they hunters, farmers, traders? How many stayed and became Americans?
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Did the Ottoman government rationalize the Armenian Genocide and other instances of ethnic cleansing as a response to Russian expansion?

The course I took on Ottoman history was 2-3 years ago and relatively short, so please correct any and all inaccurate statements I make. Also, I want to emphasize that neither genocide nor ethnic ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Did the Creole estate in Russian America encompass Siberian creoles?

A large number of Russian American Company employees and colonists were Creoles, or the product of an ethnic Russian father with a native (Aleut, Tlingit, etc.) mother. They were established as a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Books on development of collective identities (tribal, ethnic, national etc) and people's identification as part of the collective through time?

What are some good books on how common people identified throughout history in the sense of them belonging to a collective, from tribal to ethnic and national collective, and generally how those ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Origin of the "Tartar" troops in the First Opium War

During the First Opium War, on the march to Peking, many of the battles that occurred did not involve Chinese soldiers, but fighters that the British described as "Tartars," being vaguely described as ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Were there any non-Afrikaner apartheid supporters in South Africa before 1994?

In South Africa before 1994 (i.e., during apartheid), were there any non-Afrikaners who were so racist as to supporter apartheid? I'm wondering about individuals of British Isles descent, or other ...
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9 votes
0 answers
383 views

How did the Belgians issue ID cards with ethnicity to women in Ruanda-Urundi?

I've read about how the Belgians issued ID cards to the inhabitants of their colony Ruanda-Urundi (later independent under the names of Rwanda and Burundi): Indeed, the Belgian colonists classified a ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Rwanda: Tutsis passing themselves as Hutus during the genocide

I'm searching for info about one (minor) question concerning the genocide in Rwanda 1994: Is there evidence of Tutsis trying to pass themselves off as Hutus to avoid being killed? (I know that this ...
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2 votes
1 answer
540 views

Were non German soldiers treated differently than German soldiers in the German army during the Great War?

For some reason I cannot find reliable source about that. Germany's population were in majority German, but there was also Frenchs in the west, Danes in the north, Lithuanians, and Poles in the east, ...
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2 votes
3 answers
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What is the difference between Taino and Puerto Rican?

I have heard a lot of Puerto Rican's call themselves Latino or Hispanic. However, after watching this video, I am a bit confused about what they say. Can anyone confirm why different Puerto Rican ...
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3 votes
0 answers
126 views

Ethnic composition of antebellum Massachusetts

What was the ethnic composition of Massachusetts in the decades before the Civil War? I am particularly interested in knowing what percentage of the population claimed English, Scottish, North Irish, ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why are the Rohingya not recognized in Myanmar (Burma), amongst the other 135 ethnic groups?

The government of Myanmar (Burma) officially recognizes 135 ethnic groups. This sounds like, to use a technical term, 'a lot'. It would thus seem that they tried to be pretty inclusive, at least when ...
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12 votes
3 answers
839 views

Conditions of Upper-Silesian-Poles minority in Weimar Republic?

The border between Germany and the reborn Poland in 1918 was decided by the allies. It was drawn semi-arbitrarily, following the places where the majority of people were Polish and others where the ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What was the prevalence of ethnic minorities in 15th century Bohemia?

What was the prevalence of what we in contemporary western culture would consider "ethnic minorities" (Africans, East Asians, South Asians, Latinos, etc) in the population of early 15th century ...
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7 votes
2 answers
736 views

The monumental/architectural sculptures of Petra - has there been any research on the likely craftsmen who executed them?

The Nabatean people who founded Petra are described as a pre-Islamic Arab people. Centrally located on the spice trade routes, they achieved fabulous wealth and settled in the city of Petra. A recent ...
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3 votes
1 answer
212 views

Are these Houthi Rebels in Yemen the same people who ran the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen?

I saw on the news that the area of Houthi control roughly corresponded to North Yemen, which was a kingdom overthrown with Nasser's help in 1962. Are these Houthis the same sort of people who were the ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
136 views

Democratically elected leaders of different culture [closed]

Are there some examples of leaders of foreign birth and different nationality who were elected democratically to lead countries? Like for example if a American person would lead India.
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3 votes
1 answer
401 views

Are Western European countries more ethnically heterogenous than 100 years ago?

Many people claim that Western European countries get more and more ethnically diverse, i.e, that Western society is getting more and more heterogenous with regard to ethnic groups. According to ...
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10 votes
2 answers
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Was there anything like an African-American architectural style or symbolism at the beginning of the 20th century?

At the beginning of 20th century, large masses of black people were migrating to northern states or between districts of the same towns (like in New York from Tenderloin or San Juan Hill to Harlem, ...
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27 votes
5 answers
26k views

Why did native Americans and Europeans mix in South America but not in North America?

A large part of the current population of South America are descendants of both native Americans and Europeans. In contrast, in north America the intermingling of native Americans and Europeans was ...
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41 votes
10 answers
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What is the origin of the stereotype that Polish people lack intelligence?

A quick glance at Wikipedia's list of Polish people demonstrates the stereotype as false. Poland has produced notable minds in such diverse areas of knowledge as Astronomy (Nicolaus Copernicus), ...
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18 votes
4 answers
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What were Hispanic people called in the US in the 1800s?

Today in the US, people from Spanish-speaking countries in the Americas are called by various names: Hispanic, Latino, Chicano, etc. What was the term used by Americans for such people in the 1800s? ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Are the Xibe people the same as the Manchu?

Xibe people living in Xinjiang are Qing dynasty colonists in the region. They clearly speak the same language as the Manchu did, which bears a question: Are the Xibe and Manchu people the same ethnic ...
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