Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [geography]

Science describing Earth and in wider understanding also other planets and moons. The other meaning refers to specific climate and terrain properties in particular place.

3
votes
0answers
62 views

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland?

Are there any sources of historical land use/land cover data for the United Kingdom and Ireland? (Not just Northern Ireland) I'm specifically interested in datasets that, for each point/area in the UK/...
4
votes
0answers
147 views

After Antarctica was discovered, did 19th or early 20th century map makers give any estimates on the % of the earth's surface covered by water?

According to the U.S. Geological Survey's article How much water is there on, in, and above the Earth?, About 71 percent of the Earth's surface is water-covered Wikipedia's Earth article also ...
6
votes
4answers
438 views

When did “Africa” become the name of the whole continent?

I learned from wiki that Africa was the name of a Roman province during Roman times, and that the continent was divided into Libya, Egypt and Ethiopia. So when did Africa become the name of the ...
2
votes
2answers
156 views

How area of a country used to be calculated?

Before satellites and other modern techniques, how the area of countries/territories/regions used to be calculated? I can understand that plotting boundaries is an easier task, even without the ...
2
votes
2answers
183 views

Have there been any instances of US states trading land, not related to the creation of a state?

Have there been any instances where one US state has exchanged or ceded land to another US state, subject to the conditions below? If so, what led the exchange? Conditions: I'm asking about states, ...
6
votes
2answers
366 views

Did Ancient or Medieval People Know About Underground Rivers/Lakes?

If they did, did they utilize them for farming? If so, how would they?
18
votes
7answers
10k views

Why was the Cold War carried out over the whole world instead of between Siberia and Alaska?

I was wondering why the conflicts, missile deployments etc. throughout the Cold War were basically all taking place in Europe, Africa and Asia, when in fact the US and Soviet Union were only separated ...
9
votes
1answer
239 views

Are there any ideas as to what the English landscape was like before the arrival of the Angles?

I am not sure if this question is within the guidelines (it may be), but I am curious as to this: In North America, for instance, it is often said it was heavily forested and that a squirrel could get ...
2
votes
3answers
727 views

Before it was “the Balkans”

I'm working on a project set in the 15th century as the Ottoman Turks made forays into the West. I'm looking for an appropriate term for the region bordered by Anatolia, Romania and Bulgaria to the ...
5
votes
3answers
606 views

What was an upper and a lower region?

What made a region an upper, or superior region, or a lower, or inferior region? Examples: Upper and Lower Egypt Upper and Lower Austria Moesia Superior and Inferior Upper Volta (now Burkina Faso) ...
2
votes
2answers
337 views

Why are U.S. Northwestern metropolitan areas set back from the coast?

Why are U.S. Northwestern metropolitan areas (cities) set back from the coast? Everywhere in the U.S. major cities tend to sit close to coasts, because this is optimal for trade. Major continental ...
2
votes
2answers
626 views

Kurds and their relation to the start of civilization?

Is there a relationship between these folks and the start of civilization? Mehrdad Izady suggests that they started civilization via establishing the agricultural production. How can this be possible, ...
4
votes
2answers
190 views

Was there a city called “Margorin” or “Margorum” in Prussia in 1885?

According to genealogical research, my great-grandfather emigrated on the SS Coriolan in 1869 whose port of exit was Bremen. Records indicate that my great-grandfather was from the city of Margorin or ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Why is Hungary geographically important to travel between Europe and the Middle East?

In learning a little about the People's Crusade and the First Crusade, it seems Hungary is important as a sort of gateway to the east. The crusades must pass through Hungary in order to get to the ...
3
votes
1answer
269 views

Is Chicago the most regularly laid-out city that has ever existed? [closed]

The World Series is being broadcast on TV and before going to a commercial the network treats us to a view from the blimp or drone or something flying over Chicago at night, and the regularity of the ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

A city or a geographical area with corners forming only 45, 90, and 135 degree angles. [closed]

Not sure this is a proper historical question, more like geographic, but since I'm asking about both current and historical cities, here it is. Preamble: In the industry I work in we deal with ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What caused the rapid African population growth in the last decades?

Wikipedia states: [African] population doubled in the period 1982–2009[4] and quadrupled from 1955–2009, according to United Nations estimates. Is there a consensus on the causes behind this rapid ...
87
votes
5answers
19k views

Did the ancient Greeks ever climb Mt. Olympus?

We all know that the ancient Greeks believed that their gods lived on top of the mountain Olympus (and some of them in other places like the Underworld). But Olympus - they knew where it was (between ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Magellan's log show a lost day?

My question embraces history, cosmology and astronomy, I hope this is an appropriate forum to ask it, if not I apologise and hope to be re-directed. I have read, but lost the reference, that when the ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

In which modern-day location did the historical battles of Bagrevand happen?

Wikipedia names at least two "battles of Bagrevand", In 371 between Persia and allied Roman-Armenian forces In 775 between the Abbasid Caliphate and rebelling Armenian princes both occuring in the "...
5
votes
2answers
779 views

Is Yam also known as Nubia?

Harkhuf, an Egyptian official, set out for a place called Yam, which a chronicle states was far south of Egyptian boundaries. But where exactly was Yam? Was Yam later called Nubia? Are Yam and Nubia ...
4
votes
4answers
245 views

What is the historical name(s) for area between Syria and Mesopotamia?

Apologies if this is "really" a geographical question, but I suspect it must have been addressed by scholars of the past millenium of Middle Eastern history, not least because it is so central to a ...
21
votes
4answers
13k views

Why is the capital of Turkey Ankara rather than Istanbul?

Turkey's predecessor state, the Ottoman Empire, had its capital in Istanbul. Are there any reasons for the capital's move when it became Turkey?
11
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the story behind the tall Northern offshoot on the West Virginia map?

It seems like such a tall thin slice should have a story.
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Was the location of the 180° line of longitude coincidence or deliberately chosen?

This question on Politics.SE asks about the alignment of maps, and got two answers. The first (mine) says the split through the Bering Strait was chosen for practical reasons, the second says that it'...
2
votes
2answers
896 views

Does east-west/north-south orientation also impact large islands development?

According to Guns, Germs, and Steel, east-west vs north-south orientation has a lot of impact on a continental landmass' technological development. A landmass in east-west orientation (such as Eurasia)...
12
votes
4answers
153 views

Historically, when (and why) did Ganga become a holy river? Is it after Sarasvati dried up?

According to the Nadistuti Sukta (Sanskrit: नदिस्तुति सूक्त), "hymn of praise of rivers", which is hymn 10.75 of the Rigveda: There were 25 rivers and the most important was the Sindhu river and the ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

Did anyone in Europe predict the existence of the Americas?

According to the answer of this question, Columbus was pretty much unique in his belief that the world was small enough and Asia was big enough to make sailing west to Asia possible. Everyone else ...
4
votes
1answer
547 views

Italian & Italian-American Internment camp locations in the United States in WWII

So I am making a Power Point for my American History class, and I cannot for the life of me find a map marking Italian American internment camps. I found German American and Japanese American ...
26
votes
5answers
1k views

How many different countries could a person alive today have lived in without leaving their hometown?

For example, a centenarian who has spent her entire life in Rijeka would have lived in five: The Austro-Hungarian Empire (until 1920) The Free State of Fiume (1920-1924) Italy (1924-1947) Yugoslavia (...
9
votes
2answers
476 views

Was it common practice in Victorian London or other Western European cities to name locations as places where fictional characters lived and acted?

When recently reading Dickens's description of Dr. Manette's residence in "A Tale of Two Cities" , I found in the notes to my edition (B&N Classics) the following: "A replica (of 'The Golden Arm') ...
14
votes
1answer
422 views

Is there any possible way to count provinces of the Achaemenid Empire to be 127?

I know the historical basis for the Book of Esther isn't exactly "there," but for the sake of argument, if someone wanted to believe it and stand by the first verse that says: Now it came to pass ...
12
votes
2answers
654 views

State boundaries in mountainous regions

I have in front of me a map of South-East Europe (as depicted below) from the inside cover of the 1967 German edition of John Stoye's The Siege of Vienna. A detail shows three then dukedoms situated ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is so special about the location of Mexico City?

Since 1325, the area we know today as Mexico City has held some sort of cultural or historical bond. The bond is so strong that, no matter what, no matter how bad a shape the country gets, they ...
13
votes
1answer
528 views

Why was Queretaro chosen as a fail-safe capital of Mexico?

According to this article on a person's experience in the country of Mexico, Querétaro was used as a temporary capital city of the Mexican Republic three times. What I am having trouble finding out ...
17
votes
8answers
15k views

How common are major cities not built by abundant water?

When you look at the biggest cities in the world, they all tend to be built on a major body of water, either a coast, a large lake, or a major river. This made sense in ancient times, as abundant ...
2
votes
1answer
222 views

What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict?

What area of Los Angeles does this historical map depict?
25
votes
4answers
2k views

How was the modern geographic boundary between Europe and Asia decided?

Wikipedia puts the boundary as: The modern definition of Europe delimits it from Asia at the Aegean Sea, the Dardanelles-Sea of Marmora-Bosporus, the Black Sea, along the watershed of the Greater ...
3
votes
1answer
545 views

Has the Delmarva Peninsula been known by any other name?

Wikipedia explains that Delmarva is a term that originated in the 20th century. What was the name of the Delmarva Peninsula during the British colonial time and on 19th-century United States?
12
votes
1answer
555 views

How accurate and detailed were geographical maps created and updated by the Romans?

Knowledge is power, and having superior geographical knowledge vs. your imperialistic enemies and competitors was probably a big advantage in the middle ages. Some specific examples would be knowledge ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Where was the Japanese surrender signed on Okinawa in June 1945?

On the 21st of June, Japanese defences on the southern fringe of Okinawa collapsed. The following day General Mitsuru Ushijima and chief of staff Isamu Chō committed suicide. Colonel Yahara was denied ...
10
votes
6answers
12k views

Where was the pre-war (ww2) border between Poland and Germany?

I am interested in mapping the pre-war (WWII) border between Poland and Germany. Is there any data available in a public resource? Can anyone describe waypoints along the border in terms of modern ...